List of All Indian States and their Capitals (PDF Download)

List-of-All-Indian-States-and-their-Capitals

List of All Indian States and their Capitals

List of All Indian States and their Capitals PDF Download and you can download this page as a Pdf in All Languages in 1 click (ICON: see on your right Top side), just go to the end of this page you will get a PDF Download Button and this PDF is very Important for your Upcoming Exams like UPSC, SSC, BANK, etc.

  • India, with its kaleidoscope of cultures, languages, and landscapes, stands as a testament to the concept of unity in diversity. Comprising 28 states and 8 Union territories, each region unfolds a unique story of heritage, traditions, and progress. In this comprehensive exploration, we embark on a captivating journey through every Indian state and Union territory, unraveling the rich tapestry that is India.

India’s All 29 States and Union Territories

India, the land of myriad cultures and landscapes, is a treasure trove of diversity. With 29 states and 8 Union territories, it offers a fascinating mosaic of traditions, languages, and cuisines. This article embarks on a comprehensive expedition through all 29 states and Union territories, unveiling the unique identity of each region.

India-Map-Free-Download-in-Hd-format-for-UPSC-and-other-Exams-india-political-map
India-Map-Free-Download-in-Hd-format-for-UPSC-and-other-Exams-india-political-map

#1. Andhra Pradesh

Located in the southeastern part of India, Andhra Pradesh is renowned for its classical dance forms, delectable cuisine, and historic temples, making it a cultural haven for enthusiasts.

Here’s a comprehensive table of information about the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh:

Aspect Information
Capital Amaravati (Proposed)
Largest City Visakhapatnam
Area 162,975 square kilometers (62,925 sq mi)
Population Approximately 54 million
Official Language Telugu
Major Rivers Godavari, Krishna, Penna
National Parks Papikonda National Park, Sri Venkateswara National Park, Rajiv Gandhi National Park
Wildlife Sanctuaries Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary, Pulicat Lake Wildlife Sanctuary, Rollapadu Bird Sanctuary
Major Dams Srisailam Dam, Nagarjuna Sagar Dam, Tungabhadra Dam
Famous Temples Tirupati Balaji Temple, Simhachalam Temple, Kanaka Durga Temple, Srikalahasti Temple
Heritage Sites Lepakshi, Amaravati Buddhist Site, Qutb Shahi Tombs
Cultural Festivals Ugadi, Sankranti, Diwali, Vinayaka Chavithi
Famous Dance Forms Kuchipudi, Andhra Natyam
Traditional Attire For men: Dhoti and Kurta; For women: Saree
Cuisine Andhra cuisine is known for its spicy and flavorful dishes, including Biryani, Hyderabadi Dum Biryani, Andhra Chicken Curry, Guntur Chilli Chicken
Famous Places Charminar, Vishakhapatnam Beach, Horsley Hills, Belum Caves, Araku Valley, Golconda Fort
Major Industries Information Technology, Pharmaceuticals, Agriculture, Textiles
Notable Personalities N. T. Rama Rao, P. V. Narasimha Rao, Chiranjeevi, Sania Mirza, PV Sindhu
State Symbols State Animal – Blackbuck, State Bird – Indian Roller, State Tree – Neem, State Flower – Jasmine

 


#2. Arunachal Pradesh

In the northeastern frontier, Arunachal Pradesh’s pristine beauty, diverse tribal cultures, and the Himalayan backdrop make it a paradise for nature lovers and adventure seekers.

Here’s a detailed table of information about the Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh:

Aspect Information
Capital Itanagar
Largest City Itanagar
Area 83,743 square kilometers (32,333 sq mi)
Population Approximately 1.4 million
Official Language Assamese, English
Major Rivers Brahmaputra, Subansiri, Kameng, Siang, Lohit
National Parks Namdapha National Park, Mouling National Park, Dibang Wildlife Sanctuary
Wildlife Sanctuaries Pakke Wildlife Sanctuary, Sessa Orchid Sanctuary, Eaglenest Wildlife Sanctuary
Major Dams Ranganadi Dam, Subansiri Lower Dam, Pare Hydroelectric Plant
Famous Places Tawang Monastery, Ziro Valley, Sela Pass, Mechuka, Bomdila, Roing
Heritage Sites Bhismaknagar Fort
Cultural Festivals Losar Festival, Ziro Festival of Music, Mopin Festival, Torgya Festival
Famous Dance Forms Bardo Chham, Ponung Dance, Popir Dance
Traditional Attire Men: Bakhu and Kho, Women: Ani-Phi and Gale
Cuisine Thukpa, Momos, Bamboo Shoot Curry, Thenthuk, Zan, Gyapa Khazi
Languages Monpa, Adi, Apatani, Nyishi, Galo, Tagin, English
Major Industries Handicrafts, Horticulture, Tourism, Agriculture
Famous Temples Tawang Monastery, Malinithan Temple, Parasuram Kund
State Symbols State Animal – Gayal, State Bird – Hornbill, State Flower – Foxtail Orchid

 


#3. Assam

Assam, known for its tea gardens and the Brahmaputra River, boasts rich biodiversity and vibrant traditions. It is a land of festivals, unique wildlife, and warm hospitality.

Here’s a comprehensive table of information about the Indian state of Assam:

Aspect Information
Capital Dispur
Largest City Guwahati
Area 78,438 square kilometers (30,285 sq mi)
Population Approximately 35 million
Official Language Assamese, Bodo, Bengali, English
Major Rivers Brahmaputra, Barak, Subansiri, Manas, Kameng
National Parks Kaziranga National Park, Manas National Park, Dibru-Saikhowa National Park, Nameri National Park
Wildlife Sanctuaries Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary, Orang National Park, Chakrashila Wildlife Sanctuary
Major Dams Bhramaputra Dam, Karbi Langpi Dam, Kopili Dam, Subansiri Dam
Famous Places Kamakhya Temple, Majuli Island, Sivasagar (Sibsagar), Hajo, Haflong, Umananda Island
Heritage Sites Sivasagar (Rang Ghar, Talatal Ghar, Kareng Ghar), Madan Kamdev
Cultural Festivals Bihu Festival (Rongali Bihu, Bhogali Bihu, Kangali Bihu), Durga Puja, Bohag Bihu
Famous Dance Forms Bihu Dance, Sattriya Dance, Bagurumba Dance
Traditional Attire Mekhela Chador (for women), Dhoti-Kurta (for men)
Cuisine Assam tea, Assam Laksa, Masor Tenga, Bamboo Shoot Curry, Assam Pitha (traditional sweets)
Languages Assamese, Bodo, Bengali, Karbi, Dimasa, Mising, Rabha, Tiwa, English
Major Industries Tea, Petroleum and Petrochemicals, Tourism, Handicrafts, Agriculture
Famous Temples Kamakhya Temple, Umananda Temple, Navagraha Temple
State Symbols State Animal – One-horned Rhinoceros, State Bird – White-winged Wood Duck, State Tree – Hollong

 


#4. Bihar

Bihar, steeped in history, showcases ancient universities like Nalanda and a vibrant cultural heritage. It is famed for its folk arts, spirituality, and historical significance.

Here’s a comprehensive table of information about the Indian state of Bihar:

Aspect Information
Capital Patna
Largest City Patna
Area 94,163 square kilometers (36,357 sq mi)
Population Approximately 125 million
Official Language Hindi, Urdu
Major Rivers Ganges, Sone, Gandak, Kosi, Ghaghara
National Parks Valmiki National Park
Wildlife Sanctuaries Bhimbandh Wildlife Sanctuary, Kaimur Wildlife Sanctuary, Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Sanctuary
Major Dams Indrapuri Barrage, Koilwar Dam, Bateshwar Sthan Charowa Dam
Famous Places Mahabodhi Temple (Bodh Gaya), Nalanda University, Vikramshila Ruins, Vaishali, Patna Sahib Gurudwara
Heritage Sites Mahabodhi Temple Complex (UNESCO World Heritage Site), Nalanda University Ruins (UNESCO Site)
Cultural Festivals Chhath Puja, Sonepur Mela, Rajgir Mahotsav, Sama-Chakeva, Teej
Famous Dance Forms Jat-Jatin, Kathghorwa, Bidesia, Jhijhian, Jumari Nach
Traditional Attire Men: Dhoti-Kurta, Women: Saree
Cuisine Litti Chokha, Sattu Paratha, Dal Pitha, Khaja, Tilkut, Thekua
Languages Hindi, Maithili, Bhojpuri, Angika, Magahi, Bajjika, Urdu, Bengali
Major Industries Agriculture, Handicrafts, Tourism, Textiles, Leather, Sugar
Famous Temples Mahabodhi Temple, Vishnupad Temple, Patan Devi Temple, Bari Patan Devi Temple, Maner Sharif
State Symbols State Animal – Gaur, State Bird – House Sparrow, State Tree – Peepal Tree

#5. Chhattisgarh

Chhattisgarh, nestled in central India, offers a blend of tribal heritage, dense forests, and ancient temples. The state’s biodiversity and traditional art forms are a testament to its cultural richness.

Here’s a comprehensive table of information about the Indian state of Chhattisgarh:

Aspect Information
Capital Raipur
Largest City Raipur
Area 135,191 square kilometers (52,198 sq mi)
Population Approximately 30 million
Official Language Chhattisgarhi, Hindi
Major Rivers Mahanadi, Indravati, Godavari
National Parks Indravati National Park, Kanger Valley National Park, Guru Ghasi Das (Sanjay) National Park
Wildlife Sanctuaries Bori Wildlife Sanctuary, Achanakmar Wildlife Sanctuary, Udanti Wildlife Sanctuary
Major Dams Hasdeo Bango Dam, Khutaghat Dam, Gangrel Dam
Famous Places Chitrakoot Falls, Bastar, Bilaspur, Sirpur, Bhoramdeo Temple, Jagdalpur, Mainpat
Heritage Sites Sirpur (UNESCO World Heritage Site), Rajim, Malhar
Cultural Festivals Bastar Dussehra, Madai Festival, Pola Festival, Teeja Festival
Famous Dance Forms Panthi, Raut Nacha, Karma, Saila
Traditional Attire Men: Dhoti-Kurta, Women: Sari
Cuisine Chana Samosa, Sabudana Khichdi, Farra, Bhutte Ka Kees, Rice Pakoras, Angakar Roti
Languages Chhattisgarhi, Hindi, Odia, Telugu
Major Industries Steel, Power, Cement, Agriculture, Mining
Famous Temples Bambleshwari Temple, Danteshwari Temple, Rajiv Lochan Temple, Hatkeshwar Mahadev Temple
State Symbols State Animal – Wild Buffalo, State Bird – Hill Myna, State Tree – Sal

 


#6. Goa

Goa, on the western coast, is synonymous with sun-kissed beaches, lively nightlife, and Portuguese architecture. It is a paradise for beach lovers and party enthusiasts.

Here’s a comprehensive table of information about the Indian state of Goa:

Aspect Information
Capital Panaji
Largest City Vasco da Gama
Area 3,702 square kilometers (1,429 sq mi)
Population Approximately 1.5 million
Official Language Konkani (Marathi and English are also widely spoken)
Major Rivers Mandovi, Zuari, Terekhol
National Parks Bhagwan Mahavir Wildlife Sanctuary and Mollem National Park, Cotigao Wildlife Sanctuary
Wildlife Sanctuaries Bondla Wildlife Sanctuary, Netravali Wildlife Sanctuary, Salim Ali Bird Sanctuary
Major Dams Anjunem Dam, Selaulim Dam, Amthane Dam
Famous Beaches Calangute Beach, Baga Beach, Anjuna Beach, Palolem Beach
Famous Places Fort Aguada, Dudhsagar Waterfalls, Basilica of Bom Jesus, Se Cathedral, Old Goa
Heritage Sites Old Goa (UNESCO World Heritage Site), Cabo de Rama, Reis Magos Fort
Cultural Festivals Carnival, Shigmo, Bonderam Festival, Sao Joao Festival, Diwali, Christmas
Famous Dance Forms Fugdi, Dekhnni, Corridinho, Dhalo, Mando
Traditional Attire Women: Kunbi Sari (Nine Yard Sari), Men: Kashti (Traditional Dhoti)
Cuisine Seafood (especially Fish Curry Rice), Bebinca (Dessert), Feni (Local Liquor)
Languages Konkani, Marathi, Kannada, English
Major Industries Tourism, Mining, Pharmaceuticals, Shipbuilding, Agriculture
Famous Temples Shanta Durga Temple, Mangeshi Temple, Mahalaxmi Temple, Naguesh Temple
State Symbols State Animal – Gaur, State Bird – Ruby-throated Yellow Bulbul, State Tree – Matti

List-of-All-Indian-States-and-their-Capitals-pdf-download
List-of-All-Indian-States-and-their-Capitals-pdf-download

#7. Gujarat

Gujarat, birthplace of Mahatma Gandhi, is known for its industrial prowess, archaeological wonders, and vibrant festivals like Navratri. It is a melting pot of tradition and modernity.

Here’s a comprehensive table of information about the Indian state of Gujarat:

Aspect Information
Capital Gandhinagar
Largest City Ahmedabad
Area 196,024 square kilometers (75,685 sq mi)
Population Approximately 63 million
Official Language Gujarati
Major Rivers Sabarmati, Mahi, Narmada, Tapi
National Parks Gir National Park, Vansda National Park, Blackbuck National Park, Marine National Park
Wildlife Sanctuaries Ratanmahal Wildlife Sanctuary, Thol Lake Bird Sanctuary, Jessore Sloth Bear Sanctuary
Major Dams Sardar Sarovar Dam, Ukai Dam, Dharoi Dam
Famous Places Rann of Kutch, Somnath Temple, Dwarka, Gir Forest, Sabarmati Ashram, Laxmi Vilas Palace, Rani Ki Vav
Heritage Sites Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park (UNESCO World Heritage Site), Rani Ki Vav (UNESCO Site)
Cultural Festivals Navratri, Diwali, International Kite Festival, Rann Utsav, Modhera Dance Festival, Bhavnath Fair
Famous Dance Forms Garba, Dandiya Raas, Tippani, Padhar, Siddhi Dhamal, Garbi
Traditional Attire Men: Dhoti-Kurta, Women: Chaniya Choli (Ghagra Choli)
Cuisine Dhokla, Thepla, Undhiyu, Fafda-Jalebi, Khandvi, Gujarati Thali, Handvo
Languages Gujarati, Hindi, English
Major Industries Textiles, Chemicals, Pharmaceuticals, Agriculture, Petrochemicals, Cement
Famous Temples Somnath Temple, Dwarkadhish Temple, Ambaji Temple, Akshardham Temple
State Symbols State Animal – Asiatic Lion, State Bird – Greater Flamingo, State Tree – Mango Tree

 


#8. Haryana

Haryana, in the north, is an agricultural hub with a rich historical heritage. It is a state of folk culture, traditional arts, and reverence for agriculture.

Here’s a comprehensive table of information about the Indian state of Haryana:

Aspect Information
Capital Chandigarh (shared with Punjab)
Largest City Faridabad
Area 44,212 square kilometers (17,070 sq mi)
Population Approximately 30 million
Official Language Hindi, Punjabi
Major Rivers Yamuna, Ghaggar-Hakra River (Seasonal), Markanda River
National Parks Kalesar National Park, Sultanpur National Park
Wildlife Sanctuaries Bhindawas Wildlife Sanctuary, Chhilchhila Wildlife Sanctuary
Major Dams Bhakra Dam (shared with Himachal Pradesh), Ottu Barrage, Masani Barrage, Anangpur Dam
Famous Places Kurukshetra (associated with the Mahabharata), Panipat (historical city), Pinjore Gardens, Morni Hills
Heritage Sites Rakhigarhi (Indus Valley Civilization site), Kurukshetra Panorama and Science Centre
Cultural Festivals Surajkund International Crafts Mela, Teej, Baisakhi, Holi, Diwali
Famous Dance Forms Phag Dance, Loor Dance, Daph Dance, Dhamal Dance, Ghoomar
Traditional Attire Men: Dhoti-Kurta, Women: Salwar Kameez, Lehenga-Choli
Cuisine Bhutte Ka Kees, Kadhi Pakoda, Singri Ki Sabzi, Bhalla Papdi Chaat, Meethi Roti, Gajar Ka Halwa
Languages Hindi, Punjabi, Haryanvi, English
Major Industries Automobiles, IT and ITES, Textiles, Agriculture, Pharmaceuticals
Famous Temples Brahma Sarovar, Bhishma Kund, Baba Thakur Temple, Sheikh Chilli’s Tomb
State Symbols State Animal – Blackbuck, State Bird – Black francolin, State Tree – Peepal

List-of-All-Indian-States-and-their-Capitals-pdf-download
List-of-All-Indian-States-and-their-Capitals-pdf-download

#9. Himachal Pradesh

Nestled in the Himalayas, Himachal Pradesh is a haven for nature enthusiasts. Its snow-capped peaks, scenic valleys, and adventure sports make it a popular destination.

Here’s a comprehensive table of information about the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh:

Aspect Information
Capital Shimla
Largest City Shimla
Area 55,673 square kilometers (21,495 sq mi)
Population Approximately 7.5 million
Official Language Hindi, Pahari
Major Rivers Sutlej, Beas, Ravi, Chenab, Yamuna
National Parks Great Himalayan National Park, Pin Valley National Park, Inderkilla National Park, Khirganga National Park
Wildlife Sanctuaries Chail Wildlife Sanctuary, Kugti Wildlife Sanctuary, Renuka Wildlife Sanctuary, Kalatop Wildlife Sanctuary
Major Dams Bhakra Dam, Pandoh Dam, Nathpa Jhakri Dam, Kol Dam
Famous Places Manali, Shimla, Kullu, Dharamshala, McLeod Ganj, Spiti Valley, Dalhousie, Kasauli
Heritage Sites Bhuri Singh Museum, Padam Palace, Rang Mahal, Naggar Castle, Hidimba Devi Temple
Cultural Festivals Dussehra (Kullu Dussehra is famous), Losar Festival, Lohri, Halda, Minjar Fair
Famous Dance Forms Nati (folk dance), Kayang (folk dance), Cholamba (folk dance)
Traditional Attire Pahari Topi (Cap) for men, Pattu for women
Cuisine Siddu, Babru, Chana Madra, Sidu, Aktori, Babru, Bhey, Siddu, Dham
Languages Hindi, Pahari, Punjabi, English
Major Industries Tourism, Horticulture, Handicrafts, Agriculture, Hydroelectric power
Famous Temples Hidimba Devi Temple, Baijnath Temple, Jwala Ji Temple, Chamunda Devi Temple
State Symbols State Animal – Snow Leopard, State Bird – Western Tragopan, State Tree – Deodar Cedar

 


#10. Jharkhand

Jharkhand, in the east, is known for its mineral resources, tribal culture, and lush forests. It offers a unique blend of nature, tradition, and industrial growth.

Here’s a comprehensive table of information about the Indian state of Jharkhand:

Aspect Information
Capital Ranchi
Largest City Jamshedpur
Area 79,714 square kilometers (30,778 sq mi)
Population Approximately 40 million
Official Language Hindi
Major Rivers Subarnarekha, Damodar, Kharkai, Barakar
National Parks Betla National Park, Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary, Hazaribagh National Park, Palamau Tiger Reserve
Wildlife Sanctuaries Lawalong Wildlife Sanctuary, Palkot Wildlife Sanctuary, Koderma Wildlife Sanctuary, Udhwa Lake Bird Sanctuary
Major Dams Konar Dam, Maithon Dam, Panchet Dam, Tilaiya Dam
Famous Places Dassam Falls, Hundru Falls, Netarhat, Jubilee Park, Dimna Lake, Tagore Hill, Betla National Park
Heritage Sites Rajrappa Temple, Deori Temple, Maluti Temples
Cultural Festivals Sarhul, Karma, Tusu Parab, Hal Punhya, Sohrai
Famous Dance Forms Chhau Dance, Jhumair Dance, Domkach Dance
Traditional Attire Men: Dhoti-Kurta, Women: Sari, Salwar Suit
Cuisine Thekua, Pittha, Litti Chokha, Bamboo Shoot Curry, Pua, Rugra, Mitha Khaja
Languages Hindi, Nagpuri, Kurukh, Mundari, Khortha, Santhali
Major Industries Steel, Automobiles, Mining, Agriculture, Textiles, Power
Famous Temples Rajrappa Temple, Basukinath Temple, Angrabadi Temple
State Symbols State Animal – Elephant, State Bird – Asian Koel, State Tree – Sal

List-of-All-Indian-States-and-their-Capitals-pdf-download
List-of-All-Indian-States-and-their-Capitals-pdf-download

#11. Karnataka

Karnataka, in the southwest, boasts diverse landscapes, ancient temples, and a rich cultural heritage. It is a land of Carnatic music, silk sarees, and historical monuments like Hampi.

Here’s a comprehensive table of information about the Indian state of Karnataka:

Aspect Information
Capital Bengaluru (Bangalore)
Largest City Bengaluru (Bangalore)
Area 191,791 square kilometers (74,051 sq mi)
Population Approximately 67 million
Official Language Kannada
Major Rivers Kaveri (Cauvery), Krishna, Tungabhadra, Sharavathi
National Parks Bandipur National Park, Nagarhole National Park, Bannerghatta National Park, Anshi National Park
Wildlife Sanctuaries Dandeli Wildlife Sanctuary, Bhadra Wildlife Sanctuary, BRT Wildlife Sanctuary, Mookambika Wildlife Sanctuary
Major Dams Krishna Raja Sagara Dam, Tungabhadra Dam, Almatti Dam, Supa Dam
Famous Places Mysore, Hampi, Badami, Gokarna, Coorg (Kodagu), Udupi, Belur-Halebid, Jog Falls, Chikmagalur, Mangalore
Heritage Sites Hampi (UNESCO World Heritage Site), Badami Cave Temples, Pattadakal (UNESCO Site), Belur-Halebid Temples
Cultural Festivals Dasara (Mysore Dasara), Ugadi, Karaga Festival, Makar Sankranti, Diwali
Famous Dance Forms Yakshagana, Dollu Kunitha, Kolata, Kuchipudi (in some regions)
Traditional Attire Men: Panche (Dhoti) and Kurti, Women: Saree
Cuisine Bisi Bele Bath, Ragi Mudde, Neer Dosa, Masala Dosa, Vada, Mysore Pak, Udupi Cuisine, Coorg Pandi Curry
Languages Kannada, Konkani, Tulu, Kodava, Beary Bashe, English
Major Industries Information Technology, Biotechnology, Aerospace, Tourism, Silk, Coffee, Sandalwood, Automotive
Famous Temples Sringeri Sharada Peetham, Udupi Sri Krishna Temple, Chamundi Hill Temple, Murudeshwara Temple
State Symbols State Animal – Indian Elephant, State Bird – Indian Roller, State Tree – Sandalwood Tree

 


#12. Kerala

Kerala, on the southwestern coast, is famed for its backwaters, lush greenery, and Ayurvedic traditions. It is a tropical paradise known for its unique dance forms and serene beaches.

Here’s a comprehensive table of information about the Indian state of Kerala:

Aspect Information
Capital Thiruvananthapuram (Trivandrum)
Largest City Kochi (Cochin)
Area 38,863 square kilometers (15,005 sq mi)
Population Approximately 35 million
Official Language Malayalam
Major Rivers Periyar, Bharathapuzha, Pamba, Chaliyar, Kallada
National Parks Periyar National Park, Silent Valley National Park, Eravikulam National Park, Anamudi Shola National Park
Wildlife Sanctuaries Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary, Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary, Thattekad Bird Sanctuary, Idukki Wildlife Sanctuary
Major Dams Idukki Dam, Mullaperiyar Dam, Neyyar Dam, Banasura Sagar Dam
Famous Places Munnar, Alleppey, Thekkady, Kovalam, Varkala, Wayanad, Kochi (Cochin), Poovar, Kumarakom
Heritage Sites Mattancherry Palace, Hill Palace, Padmanabhapuram Palace, Jewish Synagogue, St. Angelo Fort
Cultural Festivals Onam, Thrissur Pooram, Vishu, Theyyam, Kathakali Dance Festival, Attukal Pongala
Famous Dance Forms Kathakali, Mohiniyattam, Bharatanatyam (influenced), Theyyam, Thiruvathirakali
Traditional Attire Women: Set-Sari, Men: Mundu and Shirt
Cuisine Sadya (Traditional Feast), Appam with Stew, Puttu, Idiyappam, Karimeen Pollichathu, Kerala Sadhya
Languages Malayalam, English
Major Industries Tourism, Information Technology, Rubber, Spices, Coir, Fisheries
Famous Temples Sree Padmanabhaswamy Temple, Sabarimala Temple, Guruvayoor Temple, Attukal Bhagavathy Temple
State Symbols State Animal – Indian Elephant, State Bird – Great Hornbill, State Tree – Coconut Tree

List-of-All-Indian-States-and-their-Capitals-pdf-download
List-of-All-Indian-States-and-their-Capitals-pdf-download

#13. Madhya Pradesh

Madhya Pradesh, in central India, is a state of forts, palaces, and wildlife sanctuaries. Its rich history, classical music, and architectural marvels draw tourists from across the globe.

Here’s a comprehensive table of information about the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh:

Aspect Information
Capital Bhopal
Largest City Indore
Area 308,245 square kilometers (119,014 sq mi)
Population Approximately 82 million
Official Language Hindi
Major Rivers Narmada, Tapti, Chambal, Betwa, Mahanadi
National Parks Kanha National Park, Bandhavgarh National Park, Pench National Park, Satpura National Park
Wildlife Sanctuaries Panna Wildlife Sanctuary, Bori Wildlife Sanctuary, Ratapani Wildlife Sanctuary, Kuno Wildlife Sanctuary
Major Dams Bargi Dam, Tawa Dam, Indira Sagar Dam, Bansagar Dam
Famous Places Khajuraho Group of Monuments, Sanchi Stupa, Bhimbetka Caves, Ujjain (Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga Temple), Orchha, Gwalior, Mandu, Bhopal
Heritage Sites Khajuraho Group of Monuments (UNESCO World Heritage Site), Sanchi Stupa (UNESCO Site), Bhimbetka Rock Shelters (UNESCO Site)
Cultural Festivals Khajuraho Dance Festival, Ujjain Kumbh Mela, Malwa Utsav, Lokrang Festival, Tansen Music Festival
Famous Dance Forms Maanch, Phulpati, Grida, Kaksar, Lehangi, Jawara Dance, Gaur Dance
Traditional Attire Men: Dhoti-Kurta, Women: Saree or Lehenga-Choli
Cuisine Poha, Dal Bafla, Bhutte Ka Kees, Rogan Josh, Seekh Kebabs, Palak Puri, Jalebi, Bhutte Ki Khees
Languages Hindi, Malvi, Nimadi, Bundeli, Bagheli, Bhilodi, Gondi, Korku, Marathi
Major Industries Automobiles, Cement, Textiles, Handicrafts, Mining, Agriculture, Steel
Famous Temples Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga Temple (Ujjain), Khajuraho Temples, Omkareshwar Jyotirlinga Temple, Bhojeshwar Temple (Bhojpur)
State Symbols State Animal – Barasingha, State Bird – Indian Paradise Flycatcher, State Tree – Banyan Tree

 


#14. Maharashtra

Maharashtra, in the west, is the powerhouse of the Indian economy. It is famous for Bollywood, historical sites like Ajanta and Ellora, and the bustling city of Mumbai.

Here’s a comprehensive table of information about the Indian state of Maharashtra:

Aspect Information
Capital Mumbai (Financial Capital), Nagpur (Winter Capital)
Largest City Mumbai
Area 307,713 square kilometers (118,809 sq mi)
Population Approximately 124 million
Official Language Marathi
Major Rivers Godavari, Krishna, Tapi, Narmada, Bhima, Mula, Mutha, Penganga
National Parks Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve, Sanjay Gandhi National Park, Chandoli National Park, Pench National Park
Wildlife Sanctuaries Bhimashankar Wildlife Sanctuary, Radhanagari Wildlife Sanctuary, Karnala Bird Sanctuary, Mayureshwar Wildlife Sanctuary
Major Dams Koyna Dam, Jayakwadi Dam, Vaitarna Dam, Wilson Dam, Mula Dam, Mulshi Dam, Bhatsa Dam
Famous Places Ajanta and Ellora Caves, Gateway of India, Elephanta Caves, Shirdi, Mahabaleshwar, Lonavala, Alibaug, Aurangabad, Pune, Nashik, Kolhapur
Heritage Sites Ajanta Caves (UNESCO World Heritage Site), Ellora Caves (UNESCO Site), Elephanta Caves (UNESCO Site), Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus (UNESCO Site)
Cultural Festivals Ganesh Chaturthi, Diwali, Gudi Padwa, Pola, Narali Purnima, Makar Sankranti, Holi
Famous Dance Forms Lavani, Tamasha, Koli Dance, Lezim, Powada Dance, Tamasha, Pavri Nach
Traditional Attire Men: Dhoti-Kurta, Women: Saree
Cuisine Puran Poli, Vada Pav, Pav Bhaji, Poha, Bhakri, Misal Pav, Modak, Sol Kadhi
Languages Marathi, Konkani, Ahirani, Varhadi, Bhili
Major Industries Information Technology, Automobiles, Textiles, Pharmaceuticals, Chemicals, Engineering, Tourism
Famous Temples Siddhivinayak Temple (Mumbai), Trimbakeshwar Temple (Nashik), Ashtavinayak Temples, Shirdi Sai Baba Temple, Grishneshwar Jyotirlinga Temple
State Symbols State Animal – Indian Giant Squirrel, State Bird – Yellow-footed Green Pigeon, State Tree – Mango Tree

 


#15. Manipur

Manipur, in the northeast, is a land of scenic beauty, diverse ethnic groups, and vibrant traditions. Its classical dance form, Ras Lila, is a UNESCO Intangible cultural heritage.

Here’s a comprehensive table of information about the Indian state of Manipur:

Aspect Information
Capital Imphal
Largest City Imphal
Area 22,327 square kilometers (8,621 sq mi)
Population Approximately 2.8 million
Official Language Manipuri (Meiteilon)
Major Rivers Imphal River, Barak River, Iril River
National Parks Keibul Lamjao National Park (Home of the Sangai, the Brow-antlered Deer)
Wildlife Sanctuaries Yangoupokpi-Lokchao Wildlife Sanctuary, Bunning Wildlife Sanctuary
Major Dams Loktak Dam (On the Loktak Lake, the largest freshwater lake in Northeast India)
Famous Places Loktak Lake, Kangla Fort, INA Memorial Complex, Khwairamband Bazaar, Shree Govindajee Temple, Moirang (Historical Town)
Heritage Sites Kangla Fort (Ancient Fort), Sirohi National Park (Archaeological Site)
Cultural Festivals Yaoshang (Holi Festival of Manipur), Lai Haraoba (Festival of the Manipuri Meitei community), Ningol Chakouba (Festival honoring sisters)
Famous Dance Forms Manipuri Dance (Classical Dance), Lai Haraoba Dance, Khamba Thoibi Dance, Pung Cholom (Drum Dance)
Traditional Attire Innaphi (Traditional Wrap Skirt for Women), Phanek (Traditional Wrap Skirt for Men)
Cuisine Eromba, Iromba, Thoiding, Chamthong, Singju, Kangsoi, Chagem Pomba, Paaknam, Alu Kangmet
Languages Manipuri (Meiteilon), English
Major Industries Handloom and Handicrafts, Agriculture, Horticulture, Tourism, Sericulture
Famous Temples Shree Govindajee Temple, Shree Bijoy Govindajee Temple, ISKCON Temple
State Symbols State Animal – Sangai (Brow-antlered Deer), State Bird – Nongin (Mrs. Hume’s Pheasant), State Flower – Siroi Lily

List-of-All-Indian-States-and-their-Capitals-pdf-download
List-of-All-Indian-States-and-their-Capitals-pdf-download

#16. Meghalaya

Meghalaya, known as the abode of clouds, is a state of waterfalls, living root bridges, and unique tribal cultures. Its natural beauty and eco-friendly traditions make it a must-visit destination.

Here’s a comprehensive table of information about the Indian state of Meghalaya:

Aspect Information
Capital Shillong
Largest City Shillong
Area 22,429 square kilometers (8,660 sq mi)
Population Approximately 3.7 million
Official Languages Khasi, Garo, English
Major Rivers Umngot River, Umiam River, Kynshi River, Simsang River
National Parks Balpakram National Park, Nokrek National Park, Baghmara Pitcher Plant National Park
Wildlife Sanctuaries Siju Wildlife Sanctuary, Nongkhyllem Wildlife Sanctuary, Siju-Balpakram Wildlife Sanctuary
Major Dams Umiam Lake (Barapani Dam), Kyrdem Kulai Dam, Simsang River Dam
Famous Places Shillong (Scotland of the East), Cherrapunji (Sohra, Wettest Place on Earth), Mawlynnong (Cleanest Village in Asia), Dawki, Mawsynram
Cultural Festivals Wangala Festival, Behdienkhlam Festival, Nongkrem Dance Festival, Shad Suk Mynsiem Festival
Famous Dance Forms Wangala Dance, Shad Suk Mynsiem Dance, Lahoo Dance
Traditional Attire Jymphong (Men), Jainsem and Dhara (Women), Dakmanda (Traditional Headgear)
Cuisine Jadoh, Ki Kpu, Doh Khleh, Pumaloi, Nakham Bitchi, Tungrymbai, Jhur Sideh, Minil Songa, Sakin Gata
Major Industries Tourism, Handicrafts, Horticulture, Sericulture, Agriculture, Mining
Languages Khasi, Garo, Pnar, English
State Symbols State Animal – Clouded Leopard, State Bird – Hill Myna, State Flower – Lady’s Slipper Orchid

 


#17. Mizoram

Mizoram, with its rolling hills and dense forests, is a state of colorful festivals and warm hospitality. It is known for its handloom industry and traditional bamboo craft.

Here’s a comprehensive table of information about the Indian state of Mizoram:

Aspect Information
Capital Aizawl
Largest City Aizawl
Area 21,081 square kilometers (8,139 sq mi)
Population Approximately 1.2 million
Official Language Mizo (Lushai)
Major Rivers Tlawng River, Tuipui River, Kolodine River
National Parks Murlen National Park, Dampa Tiger Reserve
Wildlife Sanctuaries Lengteng Wildlife Sanctuary, Khawnglung Wildlife Sanctuary
Major Dams Tuirial Dam, Bairabi Dam
Famous Places Reiek, Solomon’s Temple, Mizoram State Museum, Aizawl Zoological Park, Vantawng Falls, Tamdil Lake
Cultural Festivals Chapchar Kut, Mim Kut, Pawl Kut, Anthurium Festival
Famous Dance Forms Cheraw (Bamboo Dance), Khuallam Dance, Chheihlam Dance
Traditional Attire Puanchei (Traditional Shawl), Thangtha (Traditional Skirt), Kawrchei (Traditional Headgear)
Cuisine Bamboo Shoot Curry, Bamboo Steamed Fish, Bamboo Shoot Chutney, Bamboo Shoot Salad, Sawhchiar
Languages Mizo, English, Hmar, Lai, Paite, Chakma
Major Industries Handloom and Handicrafts, Horticulture, Sericulture, Tourism, Agriculture
State Symbols State Animal – Sumatran Serow, State Bird – Mrs. Hume’s Pheasant, State Flower – Red Vanda

 


#18. Nagaland

Nagaland, in the northeast, is famous for its Hornbill Festival, indigenous tribes, and scenic beauty. It offers a glimpse into the rich Naga culture and heritage.

Here’s a comprehensive table of information about the Indian state of Nagaland:

Aspect Information
Capital Kohima
Largest City Dimapur
Area 16,579 square kilometers (6,401 sq mi)
Population Approximately 2.3 million
Official Language English
Major Rivers Doyang River, Dhansiri River, Barak River, Dikhu River, Jhanji River, Milak River
National Parks Intanki National Park, Puliebadze Wildlife Sanctuary, Fakim Wildlife Sanctuary, Rangapahar Wildlife Sanctuary
Wildlife Sanctuaries Rangapahar Wildlife Sanctuary, Puliebadze Wildlife Sanctuary, Fakim Wildlife Sanctuary
Major Dams Doyang Hydroelectric Project, Tzudikong Hydroelectric Project, Dikhu Hydroelectric Project
Famous Places Kohima (War Cemetery, State Museum), Hornbill Festival (Kisama Heritage Village), Dzukou Valley, Khonoma Village
Cultural Festivals Hornbill Festival, Moatsu Festival, Tuluni Festival, Sekrenyi Festival, Tokhu Emong, Yemshe
Famous Dance Forms Chang Lo (War Dance), Chang Lo Thang Ta (Spear Dance), Khupielatso (Sweet Dance), Zeliang Dance
Traditional Attire Men: Angami Naga warriors wear colorful shawls and headdress with animal fur. Women: Wrap-around skirt and shawls
Cuisine Smoked Pork Curry, Bamboo Shoots, Thutse, Fish and Meat Dishes, Bamboo Steamed Fish, Naga Chili
Languages Nagamese, English, Ao, Angami, Lotha, Sumi, Konyak, Zeliang, Pochuri, Rengma
Major Industries Agriculture, Handicrafts, Handloom, Tourism, Horticulture, Forestry, Mining
Famous Temples Naga Heritage Village, Ruzaphema Tourist Village, Dzukou Valley (Known for its natural beauty), Japfu Peak (Second highest peak in Nagaland)
State Symbols State Animal – Mithun, State Bird – Blyth’s Tragopan, State Flower – Rhododendron

 


#19. Odisha

Odisha, on the eastern coast, is a land of ancient temples, pristine beaches, and classical dance forms like Odissi. It is a state of art, literature, and unique culinary traditions.

Here’s a comprehensive table of information about the Indian state of Odisha:

Aspect Information
Capital Bhubaneswar
Largest City Bhubaneswar
Area 155,707 square kilometers (60,119 sq mi)
Population Approximately 46 million
Official Language Odia
Major Rivers Mahanadi, Brahmani, Baitarani, Subarnarekha, Rushikulya
National Parks Simlipal National Park, Bhitarkanika National Park, Satkosia Tiger Reserve, Nandankanan Zoological Park
Wildlife Sanctuaries Chilika Wildlife Sanctuary, Debrigarh Wildlife Sanctuary, Karlapat Wildlife Sanctuary, Tikarpada Wildlife Sanctuary
Major Dams Hirakud Dam, Rengali Dam, Indravati Dam, Upper Kolab Dam, Kala dam
Famous Places Puri (Jagannath Temple, Konark Sun Temple, Puri Beach), Bhubaneswar (Lingaraj Temple, Udayagiri and Khandagiri Caves), Cuttack (Barabati Fort), Konark (Chandrabhaga Beach), Rourkela (Rourkela Steel Plant)
Heritage Sites Konark Sun Temple (UNESCO World Heritage Site), Rani Ki Vav (UNESCO Site), Lingaraj Temple, Udayagiri and Khandagiri Caves
Cultural Festivals Rath Yatra (Chariot Festival), Durga Puja, Diwali, Makar Sankranti, Raja Parba (Festival celebrating womanhood)
Famous Dance Forms Odissi (Classical Dance), Gotipua (Folk Dance), Chhau Dance (Folk Dance), Mahari Dance (Ancient Temple Dance)
Traditional Attire Men: Dhoti and Kurta, Women: Sari, Salwar Kameez, Ghagra Choli
Cuisine Dalma, Pakhala, Macha Besara, Chenna Poda, Rasabali, Chhena Jhili, Bara, Santula, Pitha
Languages Odia, Sambalpuri, Kui, Kurukh, Kuvi, Desia, Bhunjia, Ho, Mundari
Major Industries Steel, Power, Information Technology, Handloom and Handicrafts, Agriculture
Famous Temples Jagannath Temple (Puri), Lingaraj Temple (Bhubaneswar), Konark Sun Temple, Rajarani Temple (Bhubaneswar)
State Symbols State Animal – Sambar Deer, State Bird – Indian Roller, State Tree – Ashoka Tree

List-of-All-Indian-States-and-their-Capitals-pdf-download
List-of-All-Indian-States-and-their-Capitals-pdf-download

#20. Punjab

Punjab, in the north, is the land of the Sikhs and is known for its agricultural prosperity, vibrant festivals, and delectable cuisine. It is a state of Bhangra music and warm-hearted people.

Here’s a comprehensive table of information about the Indian state of Punjab:

Aspect Information
Capital Chandigarh (Union Territory serves as the capital of both Punjab and Haryana)
Largest City Ludhiana
Area 50,362 square kilometers (19,445 sq mi)
Population Approximately 30 million
Official Language Punjabi
Major Rivers Sutlej, Beas, Ravi, Chenab, Ghaggar-Hakra
National Parks None
Wildlife Sanctuaries Bir Motibagh Wildlife Sanctuary, Jhajjar Bacholi Wildlife Sanctuary, Bir Gurdialpura Wildlife Sanctuary
Major Dams Ranjit Sagar Dam, Bhakra Dam, Pong Dam
Famous Places Golden Temple (Harmandir Sahib) in Amritsar, Wagah Border, Jallianwala Bagh, Anandpur Sahib, Patiala, Ludhiana, Chandigarh, Fatehgarh Sahib, Mohali
Heritage Sites Harmandir Sahib (Golden Temple), Qila Mubarak in Patiala, Ranjit Sagar Dam, Gurdwara Ber Sahib in Sultanpur Lodhi
Cultural Festivals Baisakhi, Lohri, Gurpurab, Basant Panchami, Teej, Hola Mohalla
Famous Dance Forms Bhangra, Giddha, Jhumar, Sammi, Luddi, Gatka
Traditional Attire Men: Kurta-Pajama or Dhoti, Women: Salwar Kameez, Ghagra-Choli
Cuisine Makki di Roti and Sarson da Saag, Butter Chicken, Tandoori Chicken, Dal Makhani, Chole Bhature, Amritsari Kulcha, Aloo Paratha
Languages Punjabi, Hindi, English
Major Industries Agriculture, Textiles, Pharmaceuticals, Automobiles, Information Technology
Famous Temples Golden Temple (Amritsar), Durgiana Temple (Amritsar), Anandpur Sahib Gurudwara, Takht Sri Keshgarh Sahib (Anandpur Sahib)
State Symbols State Animal – Blackbuck, State Bird – Northern Goshawk, State Tree – Shisham

 


#21. Rajasthan

Rajasthan, the land of kings, is a state of forts, palaces, and vibrant culture. It is famous for its desert landscapes, traditional music, and colorful festivals like Pushkar Fair.

Here’s a comprehensive table of information about the Indian state of Rajasthan:

Aspect Information
Capital Jaipur
Largest City Jaipur
Area 342,239 square kilometers (132,139 sq mi)
Population Approximately 79.15 million
Official Language Hindi
Major Rivers Chambal River, Banas River, Luni River, Sabarmati River, Mahi River, Sarsuti River, Dravyavati River
National Parks Ranthambore National Park, Sariska Tiger Reserve, Keoladeo National Park (Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary), Mukundra Hills (Darrah) Wildlife Sanctuary
Wildlife Sanctuaries Mount Abu Wildlife Sanctuary, Kumbhalgarh Wildlife Sanctuary, Sitamata Wildlife Sanctuary, Jawai Bandh Leopard Conservation Reserve
Major Dams Bisalpur Dam, Jawai Dam, Dantiwada Dam, Rana Pratap Sagar Dam, Mahi Dam
Famous Places Amer Fort (Jaipur), City Palace (Jaipur), Hawa Mahal (Jaipur), Udaipur (City of Lakes), Jaisalmer Fort, Pushkar (Brahma Temple and Holy Lake), Ajmer (Ajmer Sharif Dargah)
Heritage Sites Amer Fort (UNESCO World Heritage Site), Jantar Mantar (UNESCO Site, Jaipur), Keoladeo National Park (UNESCO Site), Kumbhalgarh Fort (UNESCO Site)
Cultural Festivals Pushkar Camel Fair, Jaipur Literature Festival, Desert Festival (Jaisalmer), Gangaur Festival, Teej Festival, Urs Festival (Ajmer)
Famous Dance Forms Ghoomar, Kalbelia (Sapera) Dance, Bhavai Dance, Terah Taali Dance, Chari Dance
Traditional Attire Men: Dhoti, Kurta, Pagri (Turban), Women: Lehenga, Choli, Odhni (Dupatta)
Cuisine Dal Baati Churma, Laal Maas, Mohan Maas, Gatte Ki Sabzi, Ker Sangri, Rajasthani Kadhi, Mawa Kachori
Languages Rajasthani, Hindi, Marwari, Dhundhari, Mewari, Bagri, Malvi, Mewati, Harauti
Major Industries Tourism, Textiles, Handicrafts, Mining, Agriculture, Electronics, Cement, Chemicals
Famous Temples Dilwara Temples (Mount Abu), Brahma Temple (Pushkar), Karni Mata Temple (Bikaner), Ranakpur Jain Temple, Eklingji Temple (Udaipur)
State Symbols State Animal – Chinkara (Indian Gazelle), State Bird – Indian Bustard, State Tree – Khejri Tree

 


#22. Sikkim

Sikkim, nestled in the Himalayas, is a state of monasteries, snow-capped peaks, and diverse flora and fauna. It is a paradise for trekkers and nature enthusiasts.

Here’s a comprehensive table of information about the Indian state of Sikkim:

Aspect Information
Capital Gangtok
Largest City Gangtok
Area 7,096 square kilometers (2,740 sq mi)
Population Approximately 690,000
Official Languages Nepali, Bhutia, Lepcha, Limbu, English
Major Rivers Teesta River, Rangit River, Rathong River
National Parks Khangchendzonga National Park (UNESCO World Heritage Site), Fambong Lho Wildlife Sanctuary, Maenam Wildlife Sanctuary
Wildlife Sanctuaries Barsey Rhododendron Sanctuary, Pangolakha Wildlife Sanctuary, Shingba Wildlife Sanctuary
Major Dams Teesta Dam, Rangit Dam, Dikchu Dam, Jorethang Loop Hydel Power Plant
Famous Places Nathula Pass, Gurudongmar Lake, Rumtek Monastery, Tsomgo Lake, Yuksom, Pelling, Ravangla, Namchi
Cultural Festivals Losar (Tibetan New Year), Dashain (Nepali festival), Saga Dawa, Pang Lhabsol, Bumchu Festival
Famous Dance Forms Chaam (Traditional Mask Dance), Singhi Chaam, Yak Chaam, Maruni Dance, Tamang Selo (Folk Dance)
Traditional Attire Men: Bakhu (Traditional Dress), Women: Dumvum (Traditional Dress)
Cuisine Thukpa, Phagshapa, Gundruk, Sinki, Chhurpi, Sel Roti, Sael Roti, Kinema, Bamboo Shoot Curry
Languages Nepali, Sikkimese, Lepcha, Limbu, Bhutia, English
Major Industries Tourism, Agriculture, Horticulture, Handicrafts, Floriculture
Famous Temples Rumtek Monastery, Enchey Monastery, Do-Drul Chorten, Tashiding Monastery
State Symbols State Animal – Red Panda, State Bird – Blood Pheasant, State Flower – Noble Orchid, State Tree – Rhododendron

List-of-All-Indian-States-and-their-Capitals-pdf-download
List-of-All-Indian-States-and-their-Capitals-pdf-download

#23. Tamil Nadu

Tamil Nadu, in the south, is a state of classical arts, ancient temples, and Dravidian architecture. It is renowned for its rich cuisine, silk sarees, and the classical dance form of Bharatanatyam.

Here’s a comprehensive table of information about the Indian state of Tamil Nadu:

Aspect Information
Capital Chennai
Largest City Chennai
Area 130,060 square kilometers (50,220 sq mi)
Population Approximately 81 million
Official Language Tamil
Major Rivers Cauvery, Vaigai, Thamirabarani, Palar, Bhavani, Cheyyar, Noyyal
National Parks Mudumalai National Park, Indira Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park, Guindy National Park, Gulf of Mannar Marine National Park
Wildlife Sanctuaries Kalakkad Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve, Periyar Tiger Reserve, Anamalai Tiger Reserve, Point Calimere Wildlife Sanctuary, Vedanthangal Bird Sanctuary
Major Dams Mettur Dam, Mullaperiyar Dam, Vaigai Dam, Bhavanisagar Dam, Aliyar Dam
Famous Places Mahabalipuram (Group of Monuments, UNESCO World Heritage Site), Rameswaram (Ramanathaswamy Temple), Kanyakumari (Vivekananda Rock Memorial), Ooty (Udhagamandalam), Kodaikanal
Heritage Sites Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram (UNESCO World Heritage Site), Brihadeeswara Temple (Thanjavur, UNESCO Site), Airavateshvara Temple (Kumbakonam, UNESCO Site)
Cultural Festivals Pongal, Jallikattu, Natyanjali Dance Festival, Karthigai Deepam, Chithirai Festival, Saral Festival
Famous Dance Forms Bharatanatyam (Classical Dance), Karakattam, Kolattam, Kavadi Attam, Oyilattam, Mayil Attam
Traditional Attire Men: Veshti (Dhoti) and Angavastram, Women: Sari, Pavada Davani (for young girls), Salwar Kameez
Cuisine Dosai, Idli, Sambhar, Rasam, Pongal, Biryani, Chettinad Cuisine, Filter Coffee, Jigarthanda
Languages Tamil, English
Major Industries Automobiles, Textiles, Electronics, Information Technology, Agriculture, Tourism, Handicrafts
Famous Temples Meenakshi Amman Temple (Madurai), Brihadeeswara Temple (Thanjavur), Arunachaleshwar Temple (Thiruvannamalai), Ramanathaswamy Temple (Rameswaram)
State Symbols State Animal – Nilgiri Tahr, State Bird – Emerald Dove, State Flower – Gloriosa Lily, State Tree – Palm Tree

 


#24. Telangana

Telangana, the newest state, is a blend of modernity and tradition. It is known for its IT industry, historic sites like Golconda Fort, and the colorful festival of Bathukamma.

Here’s a comprehensive table of information about the Indian state of Telangana:

Aspect Information
Capital Hyderabad
Largest City Hyderabad
Area 112,077 square kilometers (43,273 sq mi)
Population Approximately 39.6 million
Official Language Telugu, Urdu
Major Rivers Godavari, Krishna, Bhima, Manair, Musi
National Parks Kasu Brahmananda Reddy National Park, Mrugavani National Park
Wildlife Sanctuaries Kinnerasani Wildlife Sanctuary, Pakhal Wildlife Sanctuary, Eturnagaram Wildlife Sanctuary, Pranahita Wildlife Sanctuary
Major Dams Nagarjuna Sagar Dam, Srisailam Dam, Sriram Sagar Dam, Singur Dam, Jurala Dam
Famous Places Charminar, Golconda Fort, Salar Jung Museum, Ramoji Film City, Hussain Sagar Lake, Bhongir Fort, Warangal Fort, Kuntala Waterfall
Heritage Sites Qutub Shahi Tombs (Hyderabad), Ramappa Temple (Warangal, UNESCO World Heritage Site), Thousand Pillar Temple (Warangal)
Cultural Festivals Bathukamma, Bonalu, Deccan Festival, Kakatiya Festival, Telangana Formation Day, Sammakka Sarakka Jatara (Medaram Jatara)
Famous Dance Forms Perini Shivatandavam, Kolatam, Burrakatha, Lambadi Dance, Dappu Nrityam
Traditional Attire Men: Dhoti, Kurta, Angavastram; Women: Saree, Langa Voni (Half Saree), Salwar Kameez
Cuisine Hyderabadi Biryani, Mirchi Ka Salan, Bagara Baingan, Haleem, Telangana Ruchulu (varieties of pickles), Sarva Pindi
Languages Telugu, Urdu, Marathi, Kannada, Lambadi, Banjara, Tamil
Major Industries Information Technology, Pharmaceuticals, Textiles, Automobiles, Agriculture, Biotechnology
Famous Temples Bhadrachalam Temple, Yadagirigutta Temple, Basar Saraswathi Temple, Kaleshwaram Temple, Thousand Pillar Temple (Warangal)
State Symbols State Animal – Spotted Deer, State Bird – Indian Roller, State Flower – Tangedu Flower, State Tree – Jammi Chettu (Prosopis cineraria)

 


#25. Tripura

Tripura, in the northeast, is a state of scenic beauty, diverse tribes, and archaeological sites. It is known for its bamboo handicrafts and the Tripuri dance form.

Here’s a comprehensive table of information about the Indian state of Tripura:

Aspect Information
Capital Agartala
Largest City Agartala
Area 10,491 square kilometers (4,051 sq mi)
Population Approximately 4 million
Official Language Bengali, Kokborok (Recognized regional language)
Major Rivers Gomti River, Haora River, Manu River, Muhuri River
National Parks Clouded Leopard National Park, Sepahijala Wildlife Sanctuary, Rowa Wildlife Sanctuary
Wildlife Sanctuaries Trishna Wildlife Sanctuary, Gumti Wildlife Sanctuary, Jampui Hills, Sipahijola Wildlife Sanctuary
Major Dams Gumti Dam, Howrah Bridge Dam, Dumboor Dam
Famous Places Ujjayanta Palace, Neermahal, Tripura Sundari Temple, Unakoti Sculptures, Jampui Hills, Tripura Government Museum
Cultural Festivals Kharchi Puja, Garia Puja, Ker Puja, Durga Puja, Diwali, Holi, Christmas
Famous Dance Forms Lebang Boomani, Hozagiri, Jhum Dance, Mosak sulmani, Mamita, Hojagiri, Wangala
Traditional Attire Men: Gamosa (Traditional Towel), Women: Mekhela Chador (Traditional Dress)
Cuisine Mui Borok (Tripuri cuisine): Mui Borok, Mui Wak, Mui Mui, Bamboo Shoot Curry, Mui Kham, Chakhwi, Chauk, Awandru
Languages Kokborok, Bengali, Manipuri
Major Industries Handicrafts, Bamboo and Cane Handicrafts, Rubber, Tea, Information Technology
Famous Temples Tripura Sundari Temple, Unakoti (Rock Carvings and Sculptures), Bhubaneswari Temple, Jagannath Bari (Agartala)
State Symbols State Animal – Phayre’s Langur, State Bird – Green Imperial Pigeon, State Flower – Nageshwar, State Tree – Agarwood

 


#26. Uttar Pradesh

Uttar Pradesh, in the north, is the heartland of India and is known for its historical cities like Agra, Varanasi, and Lucknow. It is the birthplace of classical music traditions and the famous dance form of Kathak.

Here’s a comprehensive table of information about the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh:

Aspect Information
Capital Lucknow
Largest City Kanpur
Area 243,290 square kilometers (93,933 sq mi)
Population Approximately 220 million
Official Language Hindi, Urdu
Major Rivers Ganga, Yamuna, Ghaghara, Betwa, Saryu, Rapti, Gandak
National Parks Dudhwa National Park, Chandraprabha Wildlife Sanctuary, Katarniaghat Wildlife Sanctuary, Pilibhit Tiger Reserve
Wildlife Sanctuaries Kaimoor Wildlife Sanctuary, Nawabganj Bird Sanctuary, Lakh Bahosi Bird Sanctuary, Bakhira Wildlife Sanctuary
Major Dams Tehri Dam, Ganges Barrage, Matatila Dam, Rajghat Dam, Ramganga Dam
Famous Places Taj Mahal (Agra), Varanasi (Kashi), Allahabad (Prayagraj), Ayodhya (Ram Janmabhoomi), Mathura (Birthplace of Lord Krishna), Fatehpur Sikri, Sarnath, Vrindavan, Kanpur (IIT Kanpur), Lucknow (Bara Imambara, Chota Imambara)
Heritage Sites Taj Mahal (UNESCO World Heritage Site), Agra Fort (UNESCO Site), Fatehpur Sikri (UNESCO Site), Buddhist Monuments at Sarnath (UNESCO Site)
Cultural Festivals Kumbh Mela, Diwali, Holi, Eid, Durga Puja, Navaratri, Ram Lila
Famous Dance Forms Kathak (Classical Dance), Ramlila (Folk Dance-Drama), Raslila (Folk Dance), Charkula Dance, Nautanki
Traditional Attire Men: Kurta-Pajama, Dhoti-Kurta, Women: Saree, Salwar Kameez, Lehenga-Choli
Cuisine Dum Biryani, Kebabs, Aloo Tikki, Chaat, Samosa, Peda, Kachori, Jalebi, Petha, Malai ki Gilori
Languages Hindi, Urdu, Braj Bhasha, Awadhi, Bundeli, Bhojpuri, Kannauji, Khariboli
Major Industries Textiles, Handicrafts, Agriculture, Electronics, Leather, Pharmaceuticals, Tourism
Famous Temples Kashi Vishwanath Temple (Varanasi), Dwarkadhish Temple (Mathura), Sarnath (Dhamek Stupa), Shri Krishna Janmabhoomi Temple (Mathura), Hanuman Setu Temple (Lucknow)
State Symbols State Animal – Swamp Deer, State Bird – Sarus Crane, State Flower – Palash (Flame of the Forest), State Tree – Ashok Tree

List-of-All-Indian-States-and-their-Capitals-pdf-download
List-of-All-Indian-States-and-their-Capitals-pdf-download

#27. Uttarakhand

Uttarakhand, nestled in the Himalayas, is a state of pilgrimage sites, trekking trails, and scenic beauty. It is known for the Char Dham Yatra and the Jim Corbett National Park.

Here’s a comprehensive table of information about the Indian state of Uttarakhand:

Aspect Information
Capital Dehradun (Winter), Gairsain (Summer)
Largest City Dehradun
Area 53,483 square kilometers (20,650 sq mi)
Population Approximately 11 million
Official Language Hindi, Sanskrit, Garhwali, Kumaoni
Major Rivers Ganga, Yamuna, Alaknanda, Bhagirathi, Mandakini, Pindar, Ramganga, Kali, Saryu, Sharda, Gaula, Gori
National Parks Jim Corbett National Park, Valley of Flowers National Park, Nanda Devi National Park, Rajaji National Park, Govind Pashu Vihar Wildlife Sanctuary
Wildlife Sanctuaries Binsar Wildlife Sanctuary, Kedarnath Wildlife Sanctuary, Askot Musk Deer Wildlife Sanctuary, Nandhaur Wildlife Sanctuary, Sonanadi Wildlife Sanctuary
Major Dams Tehri Dam, Ichari Dam, Dharasu Dam, Madhyamaheshwar Dam, Ramganga Dam
Famous Places Rishikesh, Haridwar, Mussoorie, Nainital, Badrinath, Kedarnath, Gangotri, Yamunotri, Auli, Almora, Chamoli, Dehradun, Ranikhet
Heritage Sites Valley of Flowers (UNESCO World Heritage Site), Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers National Parks (UNESCO Sites), Yamunotri and Gangotri (Char Dham Pilgrimage Sites)
Cultural Festivals Kumbh Mela (Haridwar), Ganga Dussehra, Uttarakhandi Holi, Phool Dei, Uttarayani, Basant Panchami
Famous Dance Forms Langvir Nritya, Barada Nati, Chancheri, Chhapeli, Jhora, Pandav Nritya, Bhotiya Dance
Traditional Attire Men: Dhoti, Kurta, Pichora, Women: Sari, Lehenga, Choli, Odhni (Dupatta)
Cuisine Aloo Ke Gutke, Garhwal ka Fannah, Kafuli, Phaanu, Baadi, Chainsoo, Gahat ki Daal, Kumaoni Raita, Aloo Tamatar Jhol, Bhatt Ki Churdkani
Languages Hindi, Garhwali, Kumaoni, Jaunsari, Bhoti
Major Industries Tourism, Agriculture, Handicrafts, Horticulture, Pharmaceuticals, Basmati Rice, Woolen Textiles
Famous Temples Badrinath Temple, Kedarnath Temple, Yamunotri Temple, Gangotri Temple, Mansa Devi Temple (Haridwar), Naina Devi Temple (Nainital)
State Symbols State Animal – Musk Deer, State Bird – Monal, State Tree – Buransh (Rhododendron), State Flower – Brahma Kamal

 


#28. West Bengal

West Bengal, in the east, is a state of literary giants, artistic heritage, and cultural festivals like Durga Puja. It is known for its sweets, classical music, and the mesmerizing dance form of Kathakali.

Here’s a comprehensive table of information about the Indian state of West Bengal:

Aspect Information
Capital Kolkata (Calcutta)
Largest City Kolkata
Area 88,752 square kilometers (34,267 sq mi)
Population Approximately 100 million
Official Language Bengali
Major Rivers Ganga, Brahmaputra, Hooghly, Damodar, Teesta, Subarnarekha, Mahananda, Bhagirathi
National Parks Sundarbans National Park, Neora Valley National Park, Buxa Tiger Reserve, Gorumara National Park, Singalila National Park
Wildlife Sanctuaries Sajnekhali Wildlife Sanctuary, Jaldapara Wildlife Sanctuary, Mahananda Wildlife Sanctuary, Pakhiralay Wildlife Sanctuary, Bibhutibhushan Wildlife Sanctuary
Major Dams Teesta Barrage, Farakka Barrage, Durgapur Barrage, Maithon Dam, Panchet Dam
Famous Places Victoria Memorial (Kolkata), Howrah Bridge (Kolkata), Dakshineswar Kali Temple (Kolkata), Darjeeling (Himalayan Hill Station), Sunderbans Delta (Largest Mangrove Forest), Murshidabad (Historical City)
Heritage Sites Darjeeling Himalayan Railway (UNESCO World Heritage Site), Sundarbans (UNESCO Site), Durga Puja (Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity)
Cultural Festivals Durga Puja, Kali Puja, Diwali, Saraswati Puja, Poila Boishakh (Bengali New Year), Rath Yatra
Famous Dance Forms Kathakali (Classical Dance), Chhau Dance, Gambhira Dance, Santhal Dance, Gaudiya Nritya, Jatra (Traditional Theater)
Traditional Attire Men: Dhoti, Panjabi, Kurta; Women: Sari, Salwar Kameez, Lehenga, Churidar, Angrakha
Cuisine Rosogolla, Sandesh, Mishti Doi, Fish Curry, Machher Jhol, Shorshe Ilish, Aloo Posto, Chingri Malai Curry, Roshogolla, Sandesh
Languages Bengali, Nepali, Odia, Santali, Urdu, Hindi
Major Industries Jute, Tea, Textiles, Information Technology, Agriculture, Tourism, Chemicals, Steel, Electronics
Famous Temples Dakshineswar Kali Temple, Kalighat Kali Temple, Belur Math, Tarapith Temple, Birla Mandir (Kolkata), Jairambati (Birthplace of Sarada Devi)
State Symbols State Animal – Fishing Cat, State Bird – White-throated Kingfisher, State Flower – Night-flowering Jasmine, State Tree – Devdaru (Deodar)

 


Union Territories


#1. Andaman and Nicobar Islands

Andaman and Nicobar Islands, in the Bay of Bengal, are a tropical paradise known for their pristine beaches, coral reefs, and unique tribal cultures.

Here’s a comprehensive table of information about the Union Territory of Andaman and Nicobar Islands:

Aspect Information
Capital Port Blair
Area 8,249 square kilometers (3,185 sq mi)
Population Approximately 380,000
Official Languages Hindi, English
Major Islands Andaman Islands (including North, Middle, and South Andaman Islands), Nicobar Islands
National Parks Mahatma Gandhi Marine National Park, Middle Button Island National Park, Rani Jhansi Marine National Park, Saddle Peak National Park
Wildlife Sanctuaries Mount Harriet National Park, Campbell Bay National Park, Galathea Bay National Park, Baratang Island Creek Wildlife Sanctuary, Cinque Island Wildlife Sanctuary
Major Dams No major dams
Famous Places Cellular Jail, Radhanagar Beach (Havelock Island), Ross Island, Neil Island, Baratang Island, Diglipur, Chidiya Tapu, Limestone Caves
Languages Bengali, Hindi, Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam, Nicobarese, English
Cuisine Seafood (Fish, Prawns, Crabs), Coconut-based Curries, Dishes with Local Ingredients, Fruits (Papaya, Mangoes), Coconut Water
Traditional Attire Western-style clothing is common; Traditional tribal attire for indigenous communities
Cultural Heritage Indigenous Tribal Cultures (Great Andamanese, Onge, Jarawa, Sentinalese, Nicobarese), Folk Dances, Crafts and Handicrafts
Famous Dance Forms Nicobari Dance, Lapka Dance, Coconut Dance, Bamboo Dance, Kolkali Dance
Major Industries Tourism, Fisheries, Handicrafts, Coconut Processing, Agriculture
Famous Temples Murugan Temple (Port Blair), Kali Temple (Port Blair), St. Francis Xavier’s Cathedral (Port Blair)
State Symbols State Animal – Dugong, State Bird – Andaman Wood Pigeon, State Tree – Andaman Padauk, State Flower – Pyinma (Areca Nut Palm)

 


#2. Chandigarh

Chandigarh, the capital of Haryana and Punjab, is a well-planned city known for its modern architecture, gardens, and educational institutions.

Chandigarh is a Union Territory in India and serves as the capital of both Punjab and Haryana. It is a planned city and does not have national parks, dams, or wildlife sanctuaries. Here is a table outlining key information about Chandigarh:

Aspect Information
Capital Chandigarh
Area 114 square kilometers (44 sq mi)
Population Approximately 11.25 lakh [1.125 million]
Official Languages Punjabi, Hindi, English
Major Rivers Sukhna Choe
Famous Places Rock Garden of Chandigarh, Sukhna Lake, Rose Garden (Zakir Hussain Rose Garden), Capitol Complex
Cultural Heritage Modernist Architecture, Le Corbusier’s Architectural Design
Famous Dance Forms Bhangra (Traditional Punjabi Dance), Giddha (Punjabi Folk Dance)
Traditional Attire Salwar Kameez, Kurta Pajama, Lehenga Choli (for special occasions)
Cuisine North Indian Cuisine, Punjabi Cuisine, Butter Chicken, Sarson da Saag, Makki di Roti, Chole Bhature
Languages Punjabi, Hindi, English
Major Industries Information Technology, Pharmaceuticals, Manufacturing, Education, Tourism
Famous Temples Mansa Devi Temple (located in Panchkula, Haryana, but significant for Chandigarh residents)
State Symbols Chandigarh does not have specific state symbols since it is a Union Territory. However, it uses the national symbols of India.

 


#3. Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu

This union territory, located on the western coast, is known for its serene beaches, Portuguese heritage, and vibrant local culture.

Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu are two separate Union Territories in western India. In January 2020, these two territories were merged into a single union territory by the Government of India. Here’s a table outlining key information about Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu:

Aspect Information
Capital Daman
Area Dadra and Nagar Haveli: 491 square kilometers (190 sq mi), Daman and Diu: 111 square kilometers (43 sq mi)
Population Approximately 7.9 lakh [0.79 million]
Official Languages Gujarati, Marathi, Konkani, English
Major Rivers Daman Ganga River, Kolak River
Famous Places Daman Beaches, Diu Fort and Beaches, Dudhni Lake, Vanganga Lake Garden, Silvassa (Capital of Dadra and Nagar Haveli), Khanvel Resort, Tribal Cultural Museum
Cultural Heritage Tribal Cultures (Warli, Kokna, Dhodia, Kathodi), Portuguese Influence in Daman and Diu
Famous Dance Forms Tarpa Dance, Warli Dance, Folk Dances influenced by tribal traditions and Portuguese culture
Traditional Attire Men: Dhoti, Kurta, Women: Sari, Chaniya Choli (for special occasions)
Cuisine Seafood, Dhokla, Farsan (Snacks), Bhakri, Fish Curry, Coconut-based Dishes, Gujarati Thali
Languages Gujarati, Marathi, Konkani, English
Major Industries Tourism, Fishing, Agriculture, Handicrafts, Chemicals, Manufacturing
Famous Temples Church of Bom Jesus (Diu), Somnath Mahadev Temple (Diu), Gangeshwar Temple (Diu), Bindrabin Temple (Daman)
State Symbols Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu do not have specific state symbols since they are Union Territories. However, they use the national symbols of India.

Please note that Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu are known for their scenic beaches, rich tribal heritage, and Portuguese-influenced culture. The territories have a unique blend of traditional and modern influences.


#4. Lakshadweep

Lakshadweep, a group of islands in the Arabian Sea, is known for its coral reefs, lagoons, and marine life. It is a paradise for water sports enthusiasts.

Lakshadweep is a Union Territory in India and consists of a group of islands in the Arabian Sea. It is known for its picturesque beaches, coral reefs, and unique cultural heritage. Here’s a table outlining key information about Lakshadweep:

Aspect Information
Capital Kavaratti
Area 32 square kilometers (12 sq mi)
Population Approximately 73,000
Official Language Malayalam, English
Major Islands Kavaratti, Kalapeni, Andrott, Kadmat, Amini, Agatti, Minicoy, Bangaram, Bitra
National Parks Pitti Bird Sanctuary
Wildlife Sanctuaries No designated wildlife sanctuaries
Major Dams No major dams
Famous Places Agatti Island Beach, Bangaram Island, Kavaratti Islands, Minicoy Island, Kadmat Island, Kalapeni Island
Languages Malayalam (predominantly spoken), English
Cuisine Seafood (Tuna, Shark, Prawns, Crabs), Coconut-based Dishes, Vegetarian Curries, Rice-Based Dishes
Traditional Attire Men: Mundu, Shirt; Women: Chatta, Mundu (Traditional Dress), Lava, Shawls
Cultural Heritage Lava Dance, Kolkali Dance, Oppana Dance, Traditional Music, Handicrafts (Coir Products, Shell Items)
Major Industries Fishing, Coir Production, Handicrafts, Tourism
Famous Temples No major temples
State Symbols State Animal – Butterfly Fish, State Bird – Sooty Tern, State Flower – Bougainvillea, State Tree – Breadfruit Tree

Please note that Lakshadweep is known for its beautiful beaches, coral reefs, and unique marine biodiversity. The traditional dance forms, rich cultural heritage, and handicrafts are significant aspects of the local culture.


#5. Delhi

Delhi, the capital of India, is a city of historical monuments, diverse cultures, and bustling markets. It is the political, cultural, and educational center of the country.

Delhi is a Union Territory and the capital city of India. It is a historic city with a rich cultural heritage and serves as the political, cultural, and educational center of the country. While Delhi does not have national parks, dams, or significant wildlife sanctuaries, it is home to various famous places, cultural attractions, and heritage sites. Here’s a table outlining key information about Delhi:

Aspect Information
Capital New Delhi
Area 1,484 square kilometers (573 sq mi)
Population Approximately 31 million
Official Language Hindi, English
Major Rivers Yamuna River
Famous Places Red Fort, India Gate, Qutub Minar, Humayun’s Tomb, Lotus Temple, Akshardham Temple, Jama Masjid, Raj Ghat, Jantar Mantar, Delhi Zoo, National Handicrafts & Handlooms Museum
Cultural Heritage Mughal Architecture, British Colonial Buildings, Traditional Bazaars, Cultural Festivals (Diwali, Holi, Eid, Durga Puja), Delhi Literature Festival
Famous Dance Forms Kathak (Classical Dance), Bhangra (Punjabi Folk Dance), Garba (Gujarati Folk Dance)
Traditional Attire Men: Kurta-Pajama, Sherwani; Women: Saree, Salwar Kameez, Lehenga Choli
Cuisine Butter Chicken, Dal Makhani, Chaat, Biryani, Kebabs, Chole Bhature, Samosa, Dahi Bhalla, Jalebi
Languages Hindi, English, Punjabi, Urdu
Major Industries Information Technology, Telecommunications, Tourism, Handicrafts, Textiles, Pharmaceuticals, Education
Famous Temples Akshardham Temple, Lotus Temple, ISKCON Temple, Hanuman Temple (Connaught Place), Kalkaji Temple
State Symbols State Animal – Nilgai (Blue Bull), State Bird – House Sparrow, State Tree – Peepal Tree, State Flower – Lotus

Please note that Delhi is also known for its educational institutions like Delhi University and Jawaharlal Nehru University, as well as being the seat of the Indian government with landmarks like the Rashtrapati Bhavan (Presidential Residence) and the Parliament House. It is a city that uniquely blends ancient traditions with a modern cosmopolitan atmosphere.


#6. Puducherry

Puducherry, on the southeastern coast, is a former French colony known for its colonial architecture, beaches, and spiritual atmosphere.

Puducherry, also known as Pondicherry, is a Union Territory in India. It is a former French colony known for its serene beaches, French architecture, and spiritual heritage. Here’s a table outlining key information about Puducherry:

Aspect Information
Capital Puducherry
Area 492 square kilometers (190 sq mi)
Population Approximately 14 lakh [1.4 million]
Official Languages Tamil, English, French (for administrative purposes)
Major Rivers Gingee River, Pennaiyar River, Sankarabarani River
Famous Places Auroville, Aurobindo Ashram, Paradise Beach, Promenade Beach, Sri Aurobindo Handmade Paper Factory, Manakula Vinayagar Temple
Heritage Sites French Quarter, Raj Niwas (Governor’s Residence), Statue of Dupleix, Light House, The Promenade, Romain Rolland Library
Cultural Heritage French Influence, Auroville Community, Yoga and Spiritual Practices, Colonial Architecture
Famous Dance Forms Bharatanatyam (Classical Dance), Karakattam (Folk Dance), Kuthu Dance (Folk Dance)
Traditional Attire Men: Lungi, Shirt; Women: Sari, Half Sari
Cuisine Creole Cuisine, Seafood (Fish Curry, Grilled Fish), French Pastries, Dosas, Idlis, Pani Puri, Biryani
Languages Tamil, French, English
Major Industries Tourism, Handicrafts, Textiles, Information Technology, Agriculture, Fishing
Famous Temples Arulmigu Manakula Vinayagar Temple, Arulmigu Kamatchiamman Temple, Sri Varadaraja Perumal Temple
State Symbols State Animal – Squirrel, State Bird – Koel, State Tree – Vilva (Aegle marmelos), State Flower – Cannonball Tree (Couroupita guianensis)

Please note that Puducherry is known for its spiritual centers, yoga retreats, and the teachings of Sri Aurobindo and The Mother. The French Quarter with its colonial architecture, pristine beaches, and the unique experimental township of Auroville are among the main attractions in Puducherry.


#7. Ladakh

Ladakh, located in the northernmost part of India, is known for its breathtaking landscapes, monasteries, and vibrant culture. It is a haven for adventure seekers and nature lovers.

Ladakh is a region in the union territory of Jammu and Kashmir in India. Known for its stunning landscapes, high mountains, and unique culture, Ladakh has a rich heritage. Here’s a table outlining key information about Ladakh:

Aspect Information
Capital Leh
Area Approximately 59,146 square kilometers (22,836 sq mi)
Population Approximately 274,000 (as of 2011)
Official Languages Ladakhi, Urdu, Hindi, English
Major Rivers Indus, Zanskar, Shyok, Nubra, Dras
National Parks Hemis National Park, Dachigam National Park, Kishtwar National Park (partially in Ladakh)
Wildlife Sanctuaries Changthang Cold Desert Wildlife Sanctuary, Karakoram Wildlife Sanctuary
Famous Places Pangong Lake, Tso Moriri Lake, Magnetic Hill, Nubra Valley, Khardung La Pass, Thiksey Monastery, Hemis Monastery, Shey Palace, Alchi Monastery
Cultural Heritage Tibetan Buddhism, Monasteries, Prayer Flags, Traditional Architecture, Festivals (Losar, Hemis Tsechu), Ladakhi Music and Dance
Traditional Dance Mask Dance (Chams), Yaktsha Dance, Changma Dance, Jabro Dance
Traditional Attire Goncha (Robe), Perak (Hat), Women: Goncha, Perak, Tumban (Trousers)
Cuisine Momos, Thukpa (Noodle Soup), Skyu (Traditional Ladakhi Dish), Chhutagi (Bread), Butter Tea, Apricot Jam, Khambir (Local Bread)
Languages Ladakhi, Balti, Shina, Urdu, Hindi, English
Major Industries Tourism, Handicrafts, Agriculture, Animal Husbandry, Traditional Crafts
Famous Monasteries Hemis Monastery, Thiksey Monastery, Diskit Monastery, Lamayuru Monastery, Spituk Monastery, Likir Monastery
State Symbols State Animal – Snow Leopard, State Bird – Black-Necked Crane, State Tree – Apricot Tree

Please note that Ladakh is known for its adventure tourism, trekking, and vibrant monastic festivals. It is a region of immense natural beauty and cultural significance.


#8. Jammu and Kashmir

Jammu and Kashmir, often referred to as ‘Paradise on Earth,’ is known for its scenic beauty, houseboats on Dal Lake, and warm hospitality. It is a land of diverse cultures and breathtaking landscapes.

Here’s a comprehensive table of information about the union territory of Jammu and Kashmir:

Aspect Information
Capital Srinagar (Summer), Jammu (Winter)
Area Approximately 22,670 square kilometers (8,740 sq mi)
Population Approximately 14.5 million (as of 2011)
Official Languages Urdu, Kashmiri, Dogri, English, Hindi
Major Rivers Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Indus
National Parks Dachigam National Park, Hemis National Park, Kishtwar National Park, Salim Ali National Park, Kazinag National Park
Wildlife Sanctuaries Jasrota Wildlife Sanctuary, Gulmarg Wildlife Sanctuary, Surinsar Mansar Wildlife Sanctuary, Overa-Aru Wildlife Sanctuary
Famous Places Dal Lake, Gulmarg, Pahalgam, Sonamarg, Vaishno Devi Temple, Amarnath Cave Temple, Shankaracharya Temple, Mughal Gardens (Shalimar Bagh, Nishat Bagh)
Cultural Heritage Mughal Architecture, Traditional Kashmiri Crafts (Pashmina Shawls, Papier Mâché, Carpets), Handicrafts, Festivals (Baisakhi, Lohri), Traditional Music and Dance
Famous Dance Forms Rouff (Traditional Dance), Bhand Pather (Folk Theatre), Wuegi-nachun (Harvest Dance), Dumhal Dance
Traditional Attire Pheran (Traditional Cloak), Kurta-Pajama (Men), Salwar-Kameez (Women), Kasaba (Headgear)
Cuisine Rogan Josh, Wazwan (Traditional Multi-Course Meal), Gustaba, Dum Aloo, Yakhni, Modur Pulav, Seekh Kebabs
Languages Kashmiri, Dogri, Pahari, Ladakhi, Balti, Gojri, Urdu, English
Major Industries Horticulture, Handicrafts, Tourism, Information Technology, Agriculture, Carpets, Dry Fruits
Famous Temples Vaishno Devi Temple, Amarnath Cave Temple, Shankaracharya Temple, Martand Sun Temple, Raghunath Temple
State Symbols State Animal – Hangul (Kashmir Stag), State Bird – Black-necked Crane, State Tree – Chinar Tree, State Flower – Lotus

Please note that Jammu and Kashmir is known for its natural beauty, diverse culture, and religious significance. The region is famous for its picturesque landscapes, including the Dal Lake in Srinagar, the snow-capped peaks in Gulmarg, and the holy shrines of Vaishno Devi and Amarnath. It is also renowned for its traditional crafts, such as Pashmina shawls and Kashmiri carpets, and its rich culinary heritage.


Conclusion:

  • India’s diverse tapestry of states and Union territories reflects the nation’s rich heritage and vibrant spirit. Each region, with its unique traditions, landscapes, and cultural nuances, adds to the country’s fascinating allure. As travelers explore these varied lands, they embark on a journey not just through geographical locations but through the heart and soul of India, a nation that celebrates its diversity and cherishes its unity.

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