List Of All Indian Missiles And Their Range (Pdf Download)

List-Of-All-Indian-Missiles-And-Their-Range-Pdf-Download

List Of All Indian Missiles And Their Range (Pdf Download)

This article provides a List Of All Indian Missiles And Their Range (Pdf Download) and information on important Indian missiles and their ranges.

A missile, also known as a guided missile in military terms, is a self-propelled flying weapon typically powered by a fighter jet engine or rocket motor. In everyday language, a missile is an object that can be launched, shot, or propelled toward a target. In most competitive tests, defense is a significant and engaging component that is combined with the General Knowledge section.

Missiles of India are used for various defense-related purposes. Primarily, India’s arsenal of ballistic missiles serves as a platform for delivering nuclear weapons to both China and Pakistan. Military requirements drive India’s development of longer-range ballistic missiles and diversification of its delivery vehicles beyond mobile land-based missiles.

India is also collaborating with Russia in the modern era to develop cruise missiles and ship-launched ballistic missiles to enhance its strength as a nation.

A missile is a weapon that is capable of self-propulsion and guided flight. It is powered by a fighter jet engine or rocket motor and is commonly referred to as a guided missile in military terminology. In simpler terms, a missile can be described as an object that is launched, shot, or propelled toward a specific target.

Components of a missile:

  • Engine
  • Targeting or missile guiding
  • Warhead
  • Flight system

Types of missiles:

  • Surface-to-surface missiles
  • Air-to-surface missiles
  • Ballistic Missile Defence (BMD)/Interceptor Missiles
  • Cruise missiles
  • Anti-tank missiles
  • Air-to-air missiles
  • Anti-satellite missiles
  • Surface-to-air missiles
  • Submarine Launched Ballistic Missiles

List of Missiles in India

List-Of-All-Indian-Missiles-And-Their-Range-Pdf-Download
List-Of-All-Indian-Missiles-And-Their-Range-Pdf-Download

Air-to-air missiles

Name of the Missile Type of Missile Operational Range Speed
MICA Air-to-Air Missiles 500 m to 80 km Mach 4
Astra Air-to-Air Missiles 80-110 km Mach 4.5 +
Novator K-100 Medium Range air-to-air missile 300–400 km Mach 3.3

 

Surface-To-Air Missiles

Name of the Missile Type of Missile Operational Range Speed
Trishul Short-Range surface to air missile 9 km
Akash Missile Medium-range surface-to-air missile 30-35km Mach 2.5 to 3.5
Barak 8 Long-Range surface to air Missile 100 km Mach 2

 

Surface-to-surface Missiles

Name of the Missile Type of Missile Operational Range Speed
Agni-I Medium-range ballistic missile 700-1250 km Mach 7.5
Agni-II Intermediate-range ballistic missile 2,000–3,000 km Mach 12
Agni-III Intermediate-range ballistic missile 3,500 km – 5,000 km 5–6 km/s
Agni-IV Intermediate-range ballistic missile 3,000 – 4,000 km Mach 7
Agni-V Intercontinental ballistic missile 5000 – 8000 Km Mach 24
Prithvi I Short-Range Ballistic Missile 150 km
Prithvi II Short-Range Ballistic Missile 350 km
Dhanush Short-Range Ballistic Missile 350 – 600 km
Shaurya Medium-Range Ballistic Missile 750 to 1,900 km
Prahaar Short-Range Ballistic Missile 150 km

 

Cruise Missiles

Name of the Missile Type of Missile Operational Range Speed
BrahMos Supersonic cruise missile 290 km Mach 2.8 to 3 Mach
BrahMos II Hypersonic cruise missile 300km Mach 7
Nirbhay Subsonic cruise missile 1,000 -1500 km Mach 0.8

 

Defense Missile

Name of the Missile Type of Missile Operational Range Speed
Prithvi Air Defence Exo-atmospheric Anti-ballistic missile Altitude- 80km Mach 5+
Prithvi Defence Vehicle Exo-atmospheric Anti-ballistic missile Altitude- 30km Mach 4.5
Advanced Air Defence Endoatmospheric Anti-ballistic missile Altitude- 120km

 

Submarine Launched Ballistic Missiles

Name of the Missile Type of Missile Operational Range Speed
Ashwin Ballistic Missile 150-200km Mach 4.5
Sagarika Ballistic Missile 700 – 1900 Km
K-4 Ballistic Missile 3,500–5,000 km
K-5 Ballistic Missile 6,000 km

 

Anti-Tank Missile

Name of the Missile Type of Missile Operational Range Speed
Amogha Anti-Tank Guided Missile 2.8 km
Nag Anti-Tank Guided Missile 4km 230 m/s
Helina Anti-Tank Guided Missile 7-8km

 


Important Facts – Missiles in India

List-Of-All-Indian-Missiles-And-Their-Range-Pdf-Download
List-Of-All-Indian-Missiles-And-Their-Range-Pdf-Download
  • India has a robust missile program that is driven by the country’s defense needs and strategic interests.
  • The program is overseen by the Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO), which is responsible for the design, development, and testing of missiles.
  • India has developed a range of missiles for different purposes, including ballistic missiles, cruise missiles, and anti-tank missiles.
  • Some of the notable missiles developed by India include the Agni series of ballistic missiles, the BrahMos cruise missile, and the Nag anti-tank missile.
  • India has also successfully tested an anti-satellite missile, demonstrating its capability to target satellites in low Earth orbit.
  • India’s missile program has been largely indigenous, with a focus on developing critical technologies in-house.
  • India has also exported missiles to countries such as Vietnam, Chile, and the United Arab Emirates, among others.
  • The development of missiles has enabled India to enhance its defense capabilities and deter potential adversaries.
  • In 1983, India initiated the Integrated Guided Missile Development Program (IGMDP) with a mission to develop five missile systems, namely Trishul, Akash, Nag, Prithvi, and Agni-I.
  • These missiles were designed as intermediate-range surface-to-surface missiles. Among them, Prithvi was the first Indian single-stage liquid-fueled surface-to-surface missile.
  • Prithvi was India’s first surface-to-surface missile with a single-stage and liquid-fueled engine.
  • Tessy Thomas, an Indian scientist, and Director General of Aeronautical Systems, formerly Project Director for Agni-IV missile in the Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO), is renowned as the “Missile Woman of India.”
  • Her contributions to India’s missile development program have been instrumental in enhancing the country’s defense capabilities.

Read also: List of all missiles


Indian Missiles with Key Specifications

India, one of the world’s largest democracies and fastest-growing economies, has been making significant strides in the field of defense in recent years. As a result, the country has become one of the leading manufacturers of missiles in the world. With a focus on self-reliance and indigenization, India’s missile program is rapidly evolving and has been gaining global recognition.

Here are some of the missiles that India has developed:

1. Agni Missile Series:

  • Agni, meaning “fire” in Sanskrit, is a series of ballistic missiles developed by the Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO) of India. The Agni series consists of different types of missiles ranging from short-range to intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs). Agni-I, II, III, and IV are operational, while Agni-V is under development.
  • Agni-V, with a range of 5,000 km, is the most potent missile in the series and can hit targets as far as China and Europe. The missile is equipped with multiple independently targetable reentry vehicles (MIRVs) and can carry up to 10 nuclear warheads.

2. BrahMos Missile:

  • BrahMos, a joint venture between India and Russia, is a supersonic cruise missile that can be launched from land, sea, and air. The missile has a range of 290 km and can carry a warhead of up to 300 kg. It has been successfully tested for precision strike capability and has been inducted into the Indian Army, Navy, and Air Force.

3. Prithvi Missile Series:

  • Prithvi, meaning “earth” in Sanskrit, is a series of tactical surface-to-surface missiles developed by DRDO. The Prithvi series includes the Prithvi I, II, III, and IV missiles. Prithvi I and II are short-range ballistic missiles, while Prithvi III and IV are intermediate-range ballistic missiles.
  • The Prithvi missile series is known for its accuracy and quick response time. It has been inducted into the Indian armed forces and is used for tactical strikes.

4. Akash Missile:

  • Akash, meaning “sky” in Sanskrit, is a surface-to-air missile developed by DRDO. The missile has a range of 25 km and can engage multiple targets simultaneously. It is designed to provide air defense cover to critical assets, such as airfields, power plants, and industrial complexes.
  • Akash has been successfully tested and inducted into the Indian Army and Air Force.

5. Nirbhay Missile:

  • Nirbhay, meaning “fearless” in Hindi, is a long-range subsonic cruise missile developed by DRDO. The missile has a range of 1,000 km and can carry both conventional and nuclear warheads. Nirbhay is designed to be a low-cost alternative to BrahMos and can be launched from multiple platforms, including ships, submarines, and aircraft.
List-Of-All-Indian-Missiles-And-Their-Range-Pdf-Download
List-Of-All-Indian-Missiles-And-Their-Range-Pdf-Download

Here are some key specifications of the Indian missiles you have mentioned:

  1. MICA:
  • MICA is a type of air-to-air missile developed by the French defense company, MBDA.
  • It has a length of 3.1 meters, a diameter of 0.16 meters, and a launch weight of 112 kg.
  • It has a maximum range of 80 km and can engage targets at altitudes from 500 meters to 20 km.
  • Type: Air-to-Air missile
  • Operational Range: 500 km
  • Speed: Mach 4
  1. Astra Missile:
  • Astra is a beyond-visual-range air-to-air missile developed by the Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO) of India.
  • It has a length of 3.57 meters, a diameter of 0.178 meters, and a launch weight of 154 kg.
  • It has a range of 110 km and can engage targets at altitudes between 20 meters to 20 km.
  • Type: Air-to-Air missile
  • Operational Range: 110 km
  • Speed: Mach 4
  1. Novator K-100:
  • Novator K-100 is a Russian air-to-air missile also known as KS-172.
  • It has a length of 7.1 meters, a diameter of 0.51 meters, and a launch weight of 1,100 kg.
  • It has a range of up to 400 km and can engage targets at altitudes up to 30 km.
  • Type: Air-to-Air missile
  • Operational Range: 400 km
  • Speed: Mach 6
  1. Trishul:
  • Trishul is a short-range surface-to-air missile developed by DRDO.
  • It has a length of 3.1 meters, a diameter of 0.23 meters, and a launch weight of 130 kg.
  • It has a range of 9 km and can engage targets at altitudes up to 7 km.
  • Type: Short-range surface-to-air missile
  • Operational Range: 9 km
  • Speed: Mach 2.3
  1. Akash Missile:
  • Akash is a medium-range surface-to-air missile developed by DRDO.
  • Akash 1-S has a range of 25 km, Akash Mark-II has a range of 70 km, and Akash-NG (Next Generation) has a range of 80-90 km.
  • It has a length of 5.78 meters, a diameter of 0.52 meters, and a launch weight of 720-750 kg.
  • It can engage targets at altitudes from 30 meters to 18 km.
  • Type: Medium-range surface-to-air missile
  • Operational Range: Akash 1-S: 25 km, Akash Mark-II: 70 km, Akash-NG: 150 km
  • Speed: Mach 2.5
  1. Prithvi Air Defense:
  • Prithvi Air Defense is a surface-to-air missile developed by DRDO.
  • It has a length of 8.56 meters, a diameter of 1.1 meters, and a launch weight of 4,600 kg.
  • It has a range of 150 km and can engage targets at altitudes up to 50 km.
  • Type: Surface-to-air missile
  • Operational Range: 150 km
  • Speed: Mach 4.5
  1. Agni I:
  • Agni I is a short-range ballistic missile developed by DRDO.
  • It has a range of 700-900 km and can carry a single nuclear warhead.
  • It has a length of 15 meters, a diameter of 1.0 meters, and a launch weight of 12,000 kg.
  • Type: Medium-range ballistic missile
  • Operational Range: 700-900 km
  • Speed: Mach 7
  1. Agni II:
  • Agni II is an intermediate-range ballistic missile developed by DRDO.
  • It has a range of 2,000-3,000 km and can carry a single nuclear warhead.
  • It has a length of 20 meters, a diameter of 1.3 meters, and a launch weight of 16,000 kg.
  • Type: Intermediate-range ballistic missile
  • Operational Range: 2,000-3,000 km
  • Speed: Mach 12
  1. Agni III:
  • Agni III is a long-range ballistic missile developed by DRDO.
  • It has a range of 3,000-5,000 km and can carry a single nuclear warhead.
  • It has a length of 17 meters, a diameter of 2.0 meters, and a launch weight of 50,000 kg.
  • Type: Intermediate-range ballistic missile
  • Operational Range: 3,000-5,000 km
  • Speed: Mach 12
  1. Agni IV:
  • Agni IV is an intercontinental ballistic missile developed by DRDO.
  • It has a range of 4,000-4,500 km and can carry a single nuclear warhead.
  • It has a length of 20 meters, a diameter of 2.0 meters, and a launch weight of 17,000 kg.
  • Type: Intermediate-range ballistic missile
  • Operational Range: 3,500-4,000 km
  • Speed: Mach 7
  1. Agni V:
  • Agni V is an intercontinental ballistic missile developed by DRDO.
  • It has a range of 5,500-5,800 km and can carry multiple nuclear warheads or a single 2.5-tonne warhead.
  • It has a length of 17.5 meters, a diameter of 2.0 meters, and a launch weight of 50,000 kg.
  • Type: Intercontinental ballistic missile
  • Operational Range: 5,000-8,000 km
  • Speed: Mach 24
  1. Prithvi I:
  • Prithvi I is a short-range ballistic missile developed by DRDO.
  • It has a range of 150-250 km and can carry a conventional or nuclear warhead.
  • It has a length of 8.56 meters, a diameter of 1.1 meters, and a launch weight of 4,600 kg.
  • Type: Short-range ballistic missile
  • Operational Range: 150 km
  • Speed: Mach 4.5
  1. Prithvi II:
  • Prithvi II is an intermediate-range ballistic missile developed by DRDO.
  • It has a range of 250-350 km and can carry a conventional or nuclear warhead.
  • It has a length of 9 meters, a diameter of 1.1 meters, and a launch weight of 4,600 kg.
  • Type: Short-range ballistic missile
  • Operational Range: 350 km
  • Speed: Mach 4.5
  1. Dhanush:
  • Dhanush is a short-range ballistic missile developed by DRDO.
  • It has a range of 350 km and can carry a conventional or nuclear warhead.
  • It has a length of 8.53 meters, a diameter of 1.0 meters, and a launch weight of 4,000 kg.
  • Type: Ship-launched ballistic missile
  • Operational Range: 350 km
  • Speed: Mach 7
  1. Shaurya:
  • Shaurya is a hypersonic missile developed by DRDO.
  • It has a range of 750-1,000 km and can carry a conventional or nuclear warhead.
  • It has a length of 10 meters, a diameter of 0.74 meters, and a launch weight of 6,200 kg.
  • Type: Medium-range ballistic missile
  • Operational Range: 700-1,000 km
  • Speed: Mach 7
  1. Prahaar:
  • Prahaar is a short-range ballistic missile developed by DRDO.
  • It has a range of 150 km and can carry a conventional or nuclear warhead.
  • It has a length of 7.3 meters, a diameter of 0.42 meters, and a launch weight of 1,280 kg.
  • Type: Short-range ballistic missile
  • Operational Range: 150 km
  • Speed: Mach 2.5
  1. BrahMos:
  • BrahMos is a supersonic cruise missile jointly developed by India and Russia.
  • It has a range of 290 km and can carry a conventional warhead.
  • It has a length of 8.4 meters, a diameter of 0.67 meters, and a launch weight of 2,500 kg.
  • Type: Supersonic cruise missile
  • Operational Range: 450 km
  • Speed: Mach 2.8
  1. BrahMos II:
  • BrahMos II is a hypersonic cruise missile currently under development.
  • It is expected to have a range of 600 km and a speed of Mach 7.
  • It will have a length of 6 meters, a diameter of 0.5 meters, and a launch weight of 1,500 kg.
  • Type: Hypersonic cruise missile (under development)
  • Operational Range: 600 km
  • Speed: Mach 7
  1. Nirbhay:
  • Nirbhay is a subsonic cruise missile developed by DRDO.
  • It has a range of 1,000 km and can carry a conventional warhead.
  • It has a length of 6 meters, a diameter of 0.52 meters, and a launch weight of 1,500 kg.
  • Type: Subsonic cruise missile
  • Operational Range: 1,000 km
  • Speed: Below Mach 1
  1. Prithvi Air Defense (PAD):
  • Prithvi Air Defense (PAD) is an anti-ballistic missile system developed by DRDO.
  • It is designed to intercept and destroy incoming ballistic missiles at an altitude of 50 km to 80 km.
  • It has a range of 2,000 km and can carry a conventional or nuclear warhead.
  • Type: Surface-to-air missile
  • Operational Range: 80 km
  • Speed: Mach 5
  1. Prithvi Defense Vehicle (PDV):
  • Prithvi Defense Vehicle (PDV) is an exo-atmospheric interceptor missile developed by DRDO.
  • It is designed to intercept and destroy incoming ballistic missiles at an altitude of 80 km to 120 km.
  • It has a range of 1,500 km and can carry a conventional or nuclear warhead.
  • Type: Exo-atmospheric interceptor missile
  • Operational Range: 1,000 km
  • Speed: Mach 5
  1. Advanced Air Defense (AAD)/Ashwin Ballistic Missile Interceptor:
  • Advanced Air Defense (AAD) is an interceptor missile system developed by DRDO.
  • It is designed to intercept and destroy incoming ballistic missiles at an altitude of 30 km to 40 km.
  • It has a range of 2,500 km and can carry a conventional or nuclear warhead.
  • Type: Endo-atmospheric interceptor missile
  • Operational Range: 2,000 km
  • Speed: Mach 5
  1. Sagarika (K-15):
  • Sagarika (K-15) is a submarine-launched ballistic missile developed by DRDO.
  • It has a range of 750 km and can carry a nuclear warhead.
  • It has a length of 10 meters, a diameter of 0.74 meters, and a launch weight of 6,200 kg.
  • Type: Submarine-launched ballistic missile (SLBM)
  • Operational Range: 750 km
  • Speed: Mach 6
  1. K – 4:
  • K-4 is a submarine-launched ballistic missile currently under development by DRDO.
  • It is expected to have a range of 3,500 km and can carry a nuclear warhead.
  • It will have a length of 12 meters, a diameter of 1.3 meters, and a launch weight of 17,000 kg.
  • Type: Submarine-launched ballistic missile (SLBM)
  • Operational Range: 3,500 km
  • Speed: Mach 7
  1. K – 5:
  • K-5 is a submarine-launched ballistic missile currently under development by DRDO.
  • It is expected to have a range of 5,000 km and can carry a nuclear warhead.
  • It will have a length of 13 meters, a diameter of 2 meters, and a launch weight of 20,000 kg.
  • Type: Submarine-launched ballistic missile (SLBM)
  • Operational Range: 6,000 km
  • Speed: Mach 7
  1. Amogha:
  • Amogha is an anti-radiation short-range guided missile developed by DRDO.
  • It is designed to destroy enemy radars, communication systems, and other electronic targets.
  • It has a range of 2.8 km and can carry a conventional or nuclear warhead.
  • Type: Man-portable anti-tank guided missile
  • Operational Range: 2.8 km
  • Speed: Mach 1.6
  1. Nag:
  • Nag is a third-generation fire-and-forget anti-tank guided missile developed by DRDO.
  • It is designed to destroy enemy tanks and armored vehicles.
  • It has a range of 4 km and can carry a high-explosive anti-tank (HEAT) warhead or a thermobaric warhead and can be launched from helicopters or ground-based launchers.
  • Type: Third-generation anti-tank guided missile
  • Operational Range: 4 km
  • Speed: Mach 0.8
  1. Helina:
  • Helina is a helicopter-launched version of the Nag anti-tank missile developed by DRDO.
  • It has a range of 7-8 km and can be launched from helicopters such as the HAL Dhruv and HAL LCH.
  • Type: Air-to-surface missile
  • Operational Range: 7-8 km
  • Speed: Mach 1.5

List-Of-All-Indian-Missiles-And-Their-Range-Pdf-Download
List-Of-All-Indian-Missiles-And-Their-Range-Pdf-Download

FaQ

Q) What is the most powerful missile in India?

Ans. Agni-V is a nuclear-capable intercontinental ballistic missile developed by the Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO). The missile is believed to have a range of around 5,000 to 5,500 kilometers, and some scientists and experts suggest that it has a range of up to 8,000 kilometers.

Q) Which was the first missile developed in India?

Ans. Prithvi was the first missile developed under India’s Integrated Guided Missile Development Program, launched by the Indian government in 1983.

Q) Which missile is considered the No. 1 missile in the world?

Ans. The BrahMos is considered the fastest supersonic cruise missile in the world. It is a medium-range stealth ramjet supersonic cruise missile that can be launched from submarines, ships, aircraft, or land.

Q) Which missile can intercept the BrahMos?

Ans. The HQ-16 LOMADS (Low to Medium Altitude Air Defense System) is a Chinese-made missile system that was inducted into Pakistani forces in 2017. Its effective range is claimed to be 3.5-18 km against cruise missiles, such as the BrahMos, and it can intercept low-flying targets up to 40 km away.

Q) Who is known as the “Missile Woman of India”?

Ans. Tessy Thomas is known as the “Missile Woman of India.” She is an Indian scientist who served as the Director General of Aeronautical Systems in the Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO) and as the former Project Director for the Agni-IV missile.

Q) What are the different types of Indian missiles?

Ans. Indian missiles are classified into several categories, including ballistic missiles, cruise missiles, surface-to-air missiles, surface-to-surface missiles, anti-tank missiles, and anti-satellite missiles. Some of the notable missile systems developed by India include the Agni series, the BrahMos cruise missile, the Nag anti-tank missile, and the Akash surface-to-air missile.

Conclusion:

India’s missile program has come a long way since the first test of Prithvi in 1988. The country’s missiles have evolved from short-range ballistic missiles to long-range cruise missiles, making India one of the leading missile manufacturers in the world. With a focus on self-reliance and indigenization, India’s missile program is poised for even greater success in the future.


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