List of All Indian State Animals PDF

List-of-All-Indian-State-Animals-PDF-Download

List of All Indian State Animals PDF Download

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  • India, a country known for its rich biodiversity, boasts a wide array of flora and fauna. Each state in this diverse nation takes pride in its unique wildlife, often represented by an official state animal. These state animals are not just symbols; they embody the cultural and ecological heritage of their respective regions. Let’s delve into the fascinating world of Indian state animals.

List of All Indian State Animals (Updated)

India’s diverse landscapes and varied ecosystems have nurtured a remarkable array of wildlife species, each state showcasing its unique fauna through a designated state animal. These animals are not only symbols of the state’s biodiversity but also hold cultural and ecological significance. In this comprehensive guide, we explore the list of all Indian state animals, including the recent addition of Jammu and Kashmir, underscoring the importance of wildlife conservation in the region.

#1. Andhra Pradesh – Blackbuck (Antilope cervicapra)

Andhra Pradesh, known for its rich grasslands, has the graceful Blackbuck as its state animal. These antelopes, renowned for their speed and elegance, embody the state’s natural beauty.

Here is a table summarizing complete facts about the state animal of Andhra Pradesh, the Blackbuck (Antilope cervicapra):

Attribute Details
Scientific Name Antilope cervicapra
Common Name Blackbuck
Habitat Grasslands, plains, scrublands, and agricultural fields
Distribution Found in various parts of Andhra Pradesh, as well as other regions of India
Physical Features Medium-sized antelope with a distinct black and white coat
Color Males: Dark brown to black with white markings, Females: Light brown with no horns
Horns Present in males, spiral with 3 to 4 turns, can grow up to 70-80 cm in length
Social Structure Usually found in small herds, sometimes solitary males
Diet Herbivorous, primarily graze on grasses and plants
Conservation Status Near Threatened (IUCN Red List)
Cultural Significance Revered in Indian culture, often depicted in mythology and ancient texts
Protection Measures Protected under the Wildlife Protection Act, conservation efforts in sanctuaries and protected areas
Behavior Diurnal (active during the day), fast runners, known for leaping and bounding
Reproduction Breeding season usually in monsoon, gestation period around 5-6 months, usually gives birth to a single calf
Predators Mainly threatened by large carnivores like wolves and humans (for hunting)

These facts provide a comprehensive overview of the Blackbuck, the state animal of Andhra Pradesh.

Table: Famous Animals, Birds, and Symbols of the State of Andhra Pradesh

Below is a table summarizing the famous animals, birds, and symbols of the state of Andhra Pradesh, along with the reasons for their significance:

Category State Symbol Reason
State Animal Blackbuck (Antilope cervicapra) Represents the state’s diverse wildlife heritage and natural beauty.
State Bird Indian Roller (Coracias benghalensis) Known for its vibrant colors, symbolizing the state’s rich biodiversity.
State Tree Neem Tree (Azadirachta indica) Revered for its medicinal properties and environmental significance.
State Flower Water Lily (Nymphaea) Represents purity and spirituality, often associated with divinity.
State Fruit Mango (Mangifera indica) Signifies the state’s agricultural richness and tropical climate.
State Dance Kuchipudi A classical dance form originating in Andhra Pradesh, showcasing cultural heritage.
State Language Telugu Predominant language spoken in the state, reflecting linguistic identity.
State Song “Maa Telugu Thalliki” (Mother Telugu) Celebrates the beauty and richness of the Telugu language and culture.

These symbols represent various aspects of Andhra Pradesh’s cultural, natural, and historical significance, embodying the state’s identity and heritage.


#2. Arunachal Pradesh – Gayal (Bos frontalis)

Arunachal Pradesh, nestled in the Eastern Himalayas, celebrates the Gayal, a semi-domesticated wild ox. This choice symbolizes the deep connection between the state’s indigenous communities and its unique wildlife.

Here is a table summarizing complete facts about the state animal of Arunachal Pradesh, the Gayal (Bos frontalis):

Attribute Details
Scientific Name Bos frontalis
Common Name Gayal
Other Names Mithun (in local languages)
Habitat Dense forests, hilly and mountainous regions, particularly in Northeast India
Distribution Indigenous to Southeast Asia; found in parts of Arunachal Pradesh and neighboring regions
Physical Features Large domesticated bovine with similarities to cattle and bison
Color Variable, typically dark brown to black with white markings
Horns Present in both males and females, curved and relatively short
Social Structure Usually found in herds, domesticated and raised by local communities
Diet Herbivorous, primarily grazes on grasses and other vegetation
Cultural Significance Valued by local tribes for rituals, ceremonies, and as a source of livelihood
Domestication Domesticated for centuries by indigenous communities in the region
Uses Milk, meat, hides, and as a working animal in agriculture
Conservation Status Not evaluated by the IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature)
Threats Habitat loss, diseases, and potential interbreeding with wild cattle species

These facts provide a comprehensive overview of the Gayal, the state animal of Arunachal Pradesh.

Table: Famous Animals, Birds, and Symbols of the State of Andhra Pradesh

Below is a table summarizing the famous animals, birds, and symbols of the state of Arunachal Pradesh, along with the reasons for their significance:

Category State Symbol Reason
State Animal Gayal (Bos frontalis) Represents the unique fauna of Arunachal Pradesh and its biodiversity.
State Bird Hornbill (Great Indian Hornbill) Sacred in local traditions, symbolizing the state’s cultural heritage.
State Tree Hollong (Dipterocarpus macrocarpus) Endemic to the region, reflecting the state’s rich forest diversity.
State Flower Lady Slipper Orchid (Paphiopedilum insigne) Rare and exotic, signifies the state’s unique floral wealth.
State Dance Buiya Dance A traditional dance of the Adi tribe, showcasing indigenous heritage.
State Language Nyishi One of the major languages spoken in Arunachal Pradesh.

These symbols represent the rich natural and cultural heritage of Arunachal Pradesh, reflecting the state’s diverse flora, fauna, and indigenous traditions.


#3. Assam – One-horned Rhinoceros (Rhinoceros unicornis)

The One-horned Rhinoceros, a rare and magnificent species, represents Assam. These prehistoric-looking creatures signify the state’s dedication to wildlife conservation.

Here is a table summarizing complete facts about the state animal of Assam, the One-horned Rhinoceros (Rhinoceros unicornis):

Attribute Details
Scientific Name Rhinoceros unicornis
Common Name One-horned Rhinoceros
Habitat Grasslands and swamps, found in the floodplains and foothills of the Himalayas
Distribution Indigenous to the Indian subcontinent; major populations found in Assam
Physical Features Large, herbivorous mammal; grayish-brown skin with folds, armor-like plates, and a single horn on the nose
Color Grayish-brown
Horn Typically a single, long, curved horn made of keratin, found in both males and females
Behavior Generally solitary, herbivorous, known for wallowing in mud to cool off
Conservation Status Vulnerable (IUCN Red List); protected under national and international laws
Population Status Conservation efforts have led to an increase in population, particularly in Assam
Habitat Loss Main threat due to deforestation, agriculture, and human settlement
Predators No natural predators, humans pose the most significant threat
Cultural Significance Revered in local culture, often depicted in art and folklore
National Parks Important populations protected in Kaziranga National Park and Manas National Park in Assam
Conservation Efforts Conservation programs, anti-poaching measures, and habitat preservation initiatives are ongoing

These facts provide a comprehensive overview of the One-horned Rhinoceros, the state animal of Assam.

Table: Famous Animals, Birds, and Symbols of the State of Andhra Pradesh

Below is a table summarizing the famous animals, birds, and symbols of the state of Assam, along with the reasons for their significance:

Category State Symbol Reason
State Animal One-horned Rhinoceros (Rhinoceros unicornis) Represents the state’s rich wildlife and conservation efforts.
State Bird White-winged Wood Duck (Cairina scutulata) Endangered species, symbolizing the state’s biodiversity and conservation.
State Tree Hollong (Dipterocarpus macrocarpus) Indigenous tree, emblematic of the state’s lush forests and natural wealth.
State Flower Foxtail Orchid (Rhynchostylis retusa) Rare and exotic orchid, reflecting the state’s unique floral diversity.
State Motto “Assam Atmoh Nirbhar” (Assam is self-reliant) Reflects the state’s spirit of self-sufficiency and self-reliance.
State Song “O Mur Apunar Desh” (Oh My Endearing Motherland) Celebrates Assam’s cultural heritage and love for the motherland.
State Dance Bihu Dance Traditional dance form symbolizing the state’s cultural vibrancy and festivity.
State Language Assamese Predominant language spoken in Assam, reflecting linguistic identity.

These symbols represent various aspects of Assam’s natural, cultural, and historical significance, embodying the state’s identity and heritage.


List-of-All-Indian-State-Animals-PDF-Download
List-of-All-Indian-State-Animals-PDF-Download

#4. Bihar – Gaur (Bos gaurus)

The Gaur, also known as the Indian Bison, symbolizes the wild spirit of Bihar. These robust creatures, with their muscular build and distinctive horns, roam the state’s forests, emphasizing the need for habitat preservation.

Here is a table summarizing complete facts about the state animal of Bihar, the Gaur (Bos gaurus):

Attribute Details
Scientific Name Bos gaurus
Common Name Gaur
Other Names Indian Bison, Seladang
Habitat Dense forests, grasslands, and hilly terrains
Distribution Found in various parts of India, including certain regions of Bihar
Physical Features Large-sized wild cattle species; massive and sturdy build; dark brown to black coat
Color Dark brown to nearly black
Horns Present in both males and females; curved, thick, and sturdy
Social Structure Typically found in small groups, but can form larger herds in favorable habitats
Diet Herbivorous, primarily graze on grasses, leaves, and shrubs
Behavior Usually diurnal (active during the day), known for their agility and speed
Conservation Status Vulnerable (IUCN Red List); facing threats from habitat loss and poaching
Predators Few natural predators, mainly threatened by humans and occasionally large predators such as tigers
Cultural Significance Revered in some local cultures; historically significant in myths and legends
Conservation Efforts Protected under wildlife conservation laws; conservation efforts focus on habitat preservation and anti-poaching measures

These facts provide a comprehensive overview of the Gaur, the state animal of Bihar.

Table: Famous Animals, Birds, and Symbols of the State of Andhra Pradesh

Below is a table summarizing the famous animals, birds, and symbols of the state of Bihar, along with the reasons for their significance:

Category State Symbol Reason
State Animal Gaur (Bos gaurus) Represents the state’s wildlife diversity and the need for conservation efforts.
State Bird House Sparrow (Passer domesticus) Common bird species symbolizing the state’s commonality and connection to everyday life.
State Tree Peepal Tree (Ficus religiosa) Sacred tree in Hinduism, associated with enlightenment and cultural importance in Bihar.
State Flower Kachnar (Bauhinia variegata) Blooms in spring, representing the beauty and vibrancy of nature in the state.
State Dance Jata-Jatin Dance Traditional folk dance portraying the struggle between good and evil, showcasing culture.
State Language Hindi and Urdu Predominant languages spoken in Bihar, representing linguistic diversity in the state.

These symbols highlight the cultural, natural, and linguistic diversity of Bihar, embodying the state’s identity and heritage.


#5. Chhattisgarh – Wild Buffalo (Bubalus arnee)

Chhattisgarh, with its unique biodiversity, honors the Wild Buffalo as its state animal. These imposing creatures are native to the state and a reminder of the importance of conservation efforts.

Here is a table summarizing complete facts about the state animal of Chhattisgarh, the Wild Buffalo (Bubalus arnee):

Attribute Details
Scientific Name Bubalus arnee
Common Name Wild Buffalo
Other Names Asiatic Buffalo, Arni Buffalo
Habitat Grasslands, wetlands, and marshy areas, often found near water sources
Distribution Found in various parts of Southeast Asia, including certain regions of Chhattisgarh
Physical Features Large-sized bovine; dark brown to black coat with contrasting white markings; massive and sturdy build
Color Dark brown to nearly black with white markings
Horns Present in both males and females; curved, long, and relatively slender
Social Structure Usually found in herds, social animals that graze together
Diet Herbivorous, primarily graze on grasses, aquatic plants, and other vegetation
Behavior Usually diurnal (active during the day), good swimmers, often found near water bodies
Conservation Status Vulnerable (IUCN Red List); facing threats from habitat loss and human activities
Predators Few natural predators, mainly threatened by humans and occasionally large predators such as tigers
Cultural Significance Revered in some local cultures; historically significant in myths and legends
Conservation Efforts Protected under wildlife conservation laws; conservation efforts focus on habitat preservation and anti-poaching measures

These facts provide a comprehensive overview of the Wild Buffalo, the state animal of Chhattisgarh.

Table: Famous Animals, Birds, and Symbols of the State of Andhra Pradesh

Below is a table summarizing the famous animals, birds, and symbols of the state of Chhattisgarh, along with the reasons for their significance:

Category State Symbol Reason
State Animal Wild Buffalo (Bubalus arnee) Represents the state’s unique biodiversity and the need for conservation efforts.
State Bird Hill Myna (Gracula religiosa) A vocal and social bird, symbolizing the vibrant culture and unity of the people.
State Tree Sal Tree (Shorea robusta) Sacred tree in Hinduism, emblematic of the state’s rich forest resources.
State Flower Rudraja (Impatiens balsamina) Rare and colorful flower, representing the state’s diverse flora and natural beauty.
State Dance Panthi Dance Traditional folk dance depicting the cultural heritage and lifestyle of the region.
State Language Chhattisgarhi Predominant language spoken in Chhattisgarh, representing linguistic identity.

These symbols reflect the cultural, natural, and linguistic diversity of Chhattisgarh, embodying the state’s identity and heritage.


#6. Goa – Gaur (Bos gaurus)

Similar to Bihar, Goa also celebrates the Gaur as its state animal. This choice underscores the significance of this majestic creature across multiple regions in India.

Here is a table summarizing complete facts about the state animal of Goa, the Gaur (Bos gaurus):

Attribute Details
Scientific Name Bos gaurus
Common Name Gaur
Other Names Indian Bison, Seladang
Habitat Dense forests, grasslands, and hilly terrains
Distribution Found in various parts of India, including certain regions of Goa
Physical Features Large-sized wild cattle species; massive and sturdy build; dark brown to black coat
Color Dark brown to nearly black
Horns Present in both males and females; curved, thick, and sturdy
Social Structure Typically found in small groups, but can form larger herds in favorable habitats
Diet Herbivorous, primarily graze on grasses, leaves, and shrubs
Behavior Usually diurnal (active during the day), known for their agility and speed
Conservation Status Vulnerable (IUCN Red List); facing threats from habitat loss and poaching
Predators Few natural predators, mainly threatened by humans and occasionally large predators such as tigers
Cultural Significance Revered in some local cultures; historically significant in myths and legends
Conservation Efforts Protected under wildlife conservation laws; conservation efforts focus on habitat preservation and anti-poaching measures

These facts provide a comprehensive overview of the Gaur, the state animal of Goa.

Table: Famous Animals, Birds, and Symbols of the State of Andhra Pradesh

Below is a table summarizing the famous animals, birds, and symbols of the state of Goa, along with the reasons for their significance:

Category State Symbol Reason
State Animal Gaur (Bos gaurus) Represents the state’s rich wildlife and the need for conservation efforts.
State Bird Flame-throated Bulbul (Pycnonotus gularis) Vibrant and endemic bird species, symbolizing the colorful nature of Goa’s biodiversity.
State Tree Matti (Terminalia elliptica) Indigenous tree species, reflecting the state’s natural beauty and ecological importance.
State Flower Jasmine (Jasminum) Fragrant flower, representing Goa’s charm, hospitality, and the warm nature of its people.
State Fish Giant Trevally (Caranx ignobilis) Economically and culturally significant fish, highlighting Goa’s coastal identity and fishing tradition.
State Song “Mile Sur Mera Tumhara” Represents unity in diversity and the harmonious coexistence of different cultures in the state.
State Dance Dekhnni Traditional folk dance depicting Goan life, performed during festivals and celebrations.
State Language Konkani Predominant language spoken in Goa, reflecting the state’s cultural and linguistic heritage.

These symbols showcase the cultural, natural, and linguistic richness of Goa, embodying the state’s identity and heritage.


List-of-All-Indian-State-Animals-PDF-Download
List-of-All-Indian-State-Animals-PDF-Download

#7. Gujarat – Asiatic Lion (Panthera leo persica)

The Asiatic Lion, a symbol of strength and courage, is the state animal of Gujarat. These big cats, once on the brink of extinction, are now protected in the Gir Forest National Park, showcasing the state’s commitment to wildlife preservation.

Here is a table summarizing complete facts about the state animal of Gujarat, the Asiatic Lion (Panthera leo persica):

Attribute Details
Scientific Name Panthera leo persica
Common Name Asiatic Lion
Habitat Gir Forest National Park and surrounding areas in the state of Gujarat, India
Distribution Restricted to the Gir Forest region in Gujarat, India
Physical Features Large-sized wild cat; tawny yellow to sandy brown coat; less developed mane in males
Color Tawny yellow to sandy brown with occasional dark markings
Mane Less developed and smaller than that of African lions
Social Structure Social animals, live in prides consisting of related females and their offspring
Diet Carnivorous, primarily hunt ungulates such as deer, antelopes, and wild boar
Behavior Generally nocturnal hunters; excellent swimmers and climbers
Conservation Status Endangered (IUCN Red List); the only wild population of Asiatic Lions
Population The population is concentrated in the Gir Forest region with conservation efforts ongoing
Threats Habitat loss, human-wildlife conflict, and potential disease outbreaks
Conservation Efforts Strict protection in Gir Forest National Park; various conservation initiatives, including community-based conservation programs
Cultural Significance Revered in Indian culture and mythology; the lion is a national emblem of India

These facts provide a comprehensive overview of the Asiatic Lion, the state animal of Gujarat.

Table: Famous Animals, Birds, and Symbols of the State of Andhra Pradesh

Below is a table summarizing the famous animals, birds, and symbols of the state of Gujarat, along with the reasons for their significance:

Category State Symbol Reason
State Animal Asiatic Lion (Panthera leo persica) Represents the majestic lions found in Gir Forest National Park in Gujarat.
State Bird Greater Flamingo (Phoenicopterus roseus) Migratory bird species found in Gujarat’s coastal areas, symbolizing harmony.
State Tree Banyan Tree (Ficus benghalensis) Symbolizes knowledge, wisdom, and interconnectedness, prevalent in the state.
State Flower Marigold (Tagetes) Represents vibrancy, fertility, and cultural richness, widely used in festivals.
State Fish Rohu (Labeo rohita) Significant fish species in Gujarat’s aquaculture and fishing industry.
State Dance Garba Traditional folk dance performed during Navratri, representing Gujarati culture.
State Language Gujarati Predominant language spoken in Gujarat, representing the state’s linguistic identity.

These symbols reflect the cultural, natural, and linguistic diversity of Gujarat, embodying the state’s identity and heritage.


#8. Haryana – Blackbuck (Antilope cervicapra)

Haryana shares its state animal with Andhra Pradesh – the elegant Blackbuck. These antelopes reflect the state’s diverse wildlife heritage.

Here is a table summarizing complete facts about the state animal of Haryana, the Blackbuck (Antilope cervicapra):

Attribute Details
Scientific Name Antilope cervicapra
Common Name Blackbuck
Habitat Grasslands, plains, scrublands, and agricultural fields
Distribution Found in various parts of India, including certain regions of Haryana
Physical Features Medium-sized antelope with a distinct black and white coat
Color Males: Dark brown to black with white markings, Females: Light brown with no horns
Horns Present in males, spiral with 3 to 4 turns, can grow up to 70-80 cm in length
Social Structure Usually found in small herds, sometimes solitary males
Diet Herbivorous, primarily graze on grasses and plants
Behavior Diurnal (active during the day), fast runners, known for leaping and bounding
Conservation Status Near Threatened (IUCN Red List)
Cultural Significance Revered in Indian culture, often depicted in mythology and ancient texts
Protection Measures Protected under the Wildlife Protection Act, conservation efforts in sanctuaries and protected areas
Predators Mainly threatened by large carnivores like wolves and humans (for hunting)

These facts provide a comprehensive overview of the Blackbuck, the state animal of Haryana.

Table: Famous Animals, Birds, and Symbols of the State of Andhra Pradesh

Below is a table summarizing the famous animals, birds, and symbols of the state of Haryana, along with the reasons for their significance:

Category State Symbol Reason
State Animal Blackbuck (Antilope cervicapra) Represents the state’s diverse wildlife heritage and natural beauty.
State Bird Black Francolin (Francolinus francolinus) Indigenous bird species, symbolizing Haryana’s rich avian diversity.
State Tree Peepal Tree (Ficus religiosa) Sacred tree in Hinduism, associated with enlightenment and cultural importance.
State Flower Lotus (Nelumbo nucifera) Symbolizes purity and enlightenment, widely associated with spiritual significance.
State Dance Geet, Garba, and Rasa Traditional folk dances reflecting the vibrant culture and heritage of the state.
State Language Hindi Predominant language spoken in Haryana, representing the state’s linguistic identity.

These symbols represent various aspects of Haryana’s natural, cultural, and historical significance, embodying the state’s identity and heritage.


#9. Himachal Pradesh – Snow Leopard (Panthera uncia)

The elusive Snow Leopard, adapted to the harsh mountainous terrain, is the state animal of Himachal Pradesh. This choice highlights the state’s unique ecosystem and the importance of conserving high-altitude wildlife.

Here is a table summarizing complete facts about the state animal of Himachal Pradesh, the Snow Leopard (Panthera uncia):

Attribute Details
Scientific Name Panthera uncia
Common Name Snow Leopard
Habitat High mountain regions, including the Himalayas, Central Asia, and parts of Himachal Pradesh
Distribution Native to mountainous regions of South and Central Asia, including Himachal Pradesh
Physical Features Medium-sized wild cat, gray to yellowish-tan fur with dark spots and rosettes
Color Pale gray to yellowish-tan with dark spots and rosettes
Body Length Approximately 75 – 130 cm (excluding tail)
Tail Length Approximately 80 – 100 cm
Weight Adults weigh between 22 – 55 kg
Habitat Range Elevations between 3,000 to 4,500 meters above sea level
Diet Carnivorous, primarily preys on blue sheep, ibex, marmots, and other small mammals
Behavior Solitary and elusive, known for its ability to adapt to harsh mountain environments
Conservation Status Vulnerable (IUCN Red List)
Major Threats Habitat loss, poaching for fur and bones, retaliatory killings by herders
Conservation Efforts Protected under wildlife conservation laws; conservation initiatives focus on anti-poaching efforts, community-based conservation, and research programs
Cultural Significance Revered in local cultures, often depicted in folklore and traditional art

These facts provide a comprehensive overview of the Snow Leopard, the state animal of Himachal Pradesh.

Table: Famous Animals, Birds, and Symbols of the State of Andhra Pradesh

Here is a table summarizing the famous animals, birds, and symbols of the state of Himachal Pradesh, along with the reasons for their significance:

Category State Symbol Reason
State Animal Snow Leopard (Panthera uncia) Represents the state’s unique ecosystem and the need for conservation efforts.
State Bird Western Tragopan (Tragopan melanocephalus) Endangered bird species found in Himachal Pradesh, symbolizing rare biodiversity.
State Tree Deodar Cedar (Cedrus deodara) Emblematic tree of the state, significant for its timber and cultural importance.
State Flower Pink Rhododendron (Rhododendron campanulatum) Represents the state’s floral diversity, found in the region’s high-altitude areas.
State Fish Mahseer (Tor putitora) Culturally important fish species, symbolizing the aquatic diversity of the state.
State Dance Nati Traditional folk dance reflecting Himachal Pradesh’s cultural heritage and vibrancy.
State Language Hindi Predominant language spoken in Himachal Pradesh, representing the state’s linguistic identity.

These symbols highlight the natural, cultural, and linguistic diversity of Himachal Pradesh, embodying the state’s identity and heritage.


List-of-All-Indian-State-Animals-PDF-Download
List-of-All-Indian-State-Animals-PDF-Download

#10. Jammu and Kashmir – Hangul (Kashmir Stag) (Cervus canadensis hanglu)

Jammu and Kashmir, with its stunning Himalayan landscapes, has chosen the Hangul, a unique and endangered species, as its state animal. Native to the region, these majestic stags represent the state’s wildlife heritage and the urgent need for conservation efforts in this sensitive region.

Here is a table summarizing complete facts about the state animal of Jammu and Kashmir, the Hangul (Kashmir Stag) (Cervus canadensis hanglu):

Attribute Details
Scientific Name Cervus canadensis hanglu
Common Name Hangul (Kashmir Stag)
Habitat Dense forests, particularly in the Dachigam National Park in Jammu and Kashmir
Distribution Native to the high mountains of Jammu and Kashmir region in India
Physical Features Medium-sized deer species; reddish-brown coat with white spots
Color Reddish-brown with white spots
Antlers Present in males; usually with 11 to 16 points (tines)
Social Structure Generally solitary or found in small groups
Diet Herbivorous, primarily grazing on grasses, leaves, and shrubs
Behavior Diurnal (active during the day), good swimmers, agile and swift runners
Conservation Status Critically Endangered (IUCN Red List)
Population Status Drastically reduced; Dachigam National Park in Jammu and Kashmir is a major conservation area for Hangul
Major Threats Habitat loss due to human activities, poaching, and competition with domestic livestock
Conservation Efforts Protected under wildlife conservation laws; conservation initiatives focus on habitat preservation, anti-poaching efforts, and community involvement
Cultural Significance Symbol of wildlife heritage in Jammu and Kashmir, often featured in local art and folklore

These facts provide a comprehensive overview of the Hangul, the state animal of Jammu and Kashmir.

Table: Famous Animals, Birds, and Symbols of the State of Andhra Pradesh

Here is a table summarizing the famous animals, birds, and symbols of the union territory of Jammu and Kashmir, along with the reasons for their significance:

Category State Symbol Reason
State Animal Hangul (Kashmir Stag) (Cervus canadensis hanglu) Represents the unique and endangered fauna of the region. The Hangul is native to the Kashmir Valley.
State Bird Black-necked Crane (Grus nigricollis) Migratory bird species found in the region, symbolizing the rich avian biodiversity and ecological significance.
State Tree Chinar Tree (Platanus orientalis) Iconic tree species known for its vibrant autumn foliage, cultural significance, and contribution to the landscape.
State Flower Lotus (Nelumbo nucifera) Symbolizes purity and enlightenment, widely associated with spiritual significance and the region’s cultural heritage.
State Fish Brown Trout (Salmo trutta fario) Culturally important fish species and popular among anglers, representing the aquatic diversity of the region.
State Language Urdu One of the official languages spoken in Jammu and Kashmir, representing the linguistic identity of the union territory.

These symbols reflect the natural, cultural, and linguistic diversity of Jammu and Kashmir, embodying the region’s identity and heritage.


#11. Jharkhand – Elephant (Elephas maximus indicus)

Jharkhand, with its lush forests, honors the Elephant as its state animal. These gentle giants emphasize the state’s commitment to preserving its natural resources.

Here is a table summarizing complete facts about the state animal of Jharkhand, the Elephant (Elephas maximus indicus):

Attribute Details
Scientific Name Elephas maximus indicus
Common Name Elephant
Habitat Forests, grasslands, and wetlands; found in various regions of Jharkhand
Distribution Indigenous to the Indian subcontinent, including certain parts of Jharkhand
Physical Features Large-sized mammal with gray to brownish-gray skin, trunk, and tusks
Color Gray to brownish-gray
Tusks Present in both males and some females; used for various activities including foraging and defense
Social Structure Highly social animals; live in herds led by matriarchs (older females)
Diet Herbivorous, primarily feeding on grasses, leaves, bark, roots, and fruits
Behavior Highly intelligent, communicative, and exhibit complex social behaviors
Conservation Status Endangered (IUCN Red List); facing threats from habitat loss, poaching, and human-wildlife conflict
Major Threats Habitat fragmentation and loss due to agriculture and human settlements, poaching for ivory and other body parts
Conservation Efforts Protected under wildlife conservation laws; conservation initiatives focus on habitat preservation, anti-poaching efforts, and community-based conservation programs
Cultural Significance Revered in Indian culture, often depicted in mythology and religious ceremonies; considered symbols of wisdom and strength

These facts provide a comprehensive overview of the Elephant, the state animal of Jharkhand.

Table: Famous Animals, Birds, and Symbols of the State of Andhra Pradesh

Here is a table summarizing the famous animals, birds, and symbols of the state of Jharkhand, along with the reasons for their significance:

Category State Symbol Reason
State Animal Indian Elephant (Elephas maximus indicus) Represents the state’s rich wildlife diversity and cultural significance.
State Bird Asian Koel (Eudynamys scolopaceus) Common bird species symbolizing the avian diversity and natural beauty of the state.
State Tree Sal Tree (Shorea robusta) Indigenous tree species, reflecting the state’s rich forest resources.
State Flower Palash Flower (Butea monosperma) Bright orange-red flower, symbolizing the vibrant culture and spirit of the state.
State Dance Chhau Dance Traditional folk dance depicting martial arts and cultural heritage of the region.
State Language Hindi Predominant language spoken in Jharkhand, representing the state’s linguistic identity.

These symbols represent the cultural, natural, and linguistic diversity of Jharkhand, embodying the state’s identity and heritage.


#12. Karnataka – Indian Elephant (Elephas maximus indicus)

Karnataka, home to diverse wildlife and lush forests, recognizes the Indian Elephant as its state animal. These intelligent and social animals highlight the state’s dedication to protecting its natural resources.

Here is a table summarizing complete facts about the state animal of Karnataka, the Indian Elephant (Elephas maximus indicus):

Attribute Details
Scientific Name Elephas maximus indicus
Common Name Indian Elephant
Habitat Forests, grasslands, and wetlands; found in various regions of Karnataka
Distribution Indigenous to the Indian subcontinent, including Karnataka state in southern India
Physical Features Large-sized mammal with gray to brownish-gray skin, trunk, and tusks
Color Gray to brownish-gray
Tusks Present in both males and some females; used for various activities including foraging and defense
Social Structure Highly social animals; live in herds led by matriarchs (older females)
Diet Herbivorous, primarily feeding on grasses, leaves, bark, roots, and fruits
Behavior Highly intelligent, communicative, and exhibit complex social behaviors
Conservation Status Endangered (IUCN Red List); facing threats from habitat loss, poaching, and human-wildlife conflict
Major Threats Habitat fragmentation and loss due to agriculture, human settlements, and infrastructure development; poaching for ivory and other body parts
Conservation Efforts Protected under wildlife conservation laws; conservation initiatives focus on habitat preservation, anti-poaching efforts, and community-based conservation programs
Cultural Significance Revered in Indian culture, often depicted in mythology and religious ceremonies; considered symbols of wisdom and strength

These facts provide a comprehensive overview of the Indian Elephant, the state animal of Karnataka.

Table: Famous Animals, Birds, and Symbols of the State of Andhra Pradesh

Here is a table summarizing the famous animals, birds, and symbols of the state of Karnataka, along with the reasons for their significance:

Category State Symbol Reason
State Animal Indian Elephant (Elephas maximus indicus) Represents the state’s rich wildlife heritage and cultural significance.
State Bird Indian Roller (Coracias benghalensis) Colorful bird species symbolizing the vibrant and diverse avian life in Karnataka.
State Tree Sandalwood Tree (Santalum album) Highly valued timber and aromatic wood, symbolizing the state’s natural resources.
State Flower Lotus (Nelumbo nucifera) Symbolizes purity, enlightenment, and spiritual awakening, associated with culture.
State Dance Yakshagana Traditional dance form representing the rich cultural heritage of Karnataka.
State Language Kannada Predominant language spoken in Karnataka, representing the state’s linguistic identity.

These symbols reflect the cultural, natural, and linguistic diversity of Karnataka, embodying the state’s identity and heritage.


List-of-All-Indian-State-Animals-PDF-Download
List-of-All-Indian-State-Animals-PDF-Download

#13. Kerala – Indian Elephant (Elephas maximus indicus)

Similar to Karnataka, Kerala also celebrates the Indian Elephant, underscoring the importance of this majestic species in the region’s cultural and ecological context.

Here is a table summarizing complete facts about the state animal of Kerala, the Indian Elephant (Elephas maximus indicus):

Attribute Details
Scientific Name Elephas maximus indicus
Common Name Indian Elephant
Habitat Forests, grasslands, and wetlands; found in various regions of Kerala
Distribution Indigenous to the Indian subcontinent, including Kerala state in southern India
Physical Features Large-sized mammal with gray to brownish-gray skin, trunk, and tusks
Color Gray to brownish-gray
Tusks Present in both males and some females; used for various activities including foraging and defense
Social Structure Highly social animals; live in herds led by matriarchs (older females)
Diet Herbivorous, primarily feeding on grasses, leaves, bark, roots, and fruits
Behavior Highly intelligent, communicative, and exhibit complex social behaviors
Conservation Status Endangered (IUCN Red List); facing threats from habitat loss, poaching, and human-wildlife conflict
Major Threats Habitat fragmentation and loss due to agriculture, human settlements, and infrastructure development; poaching for ivory and other body parts
Conservation Efforts Protected under wildlife conservation laws; conservation initiatives focus on habitat preservation, anti-poaching efforts, and community-based conservation programs
Cultural Significance Revered in Indian culture, often depicted in mythology and religious ceremonies; considered symbols of wisdom and strength

These facts provide a comprehensive overview of the Indian Elephant, the state animal of Kerala.

Table: Famous Animals, Birds, and Symbols of the State of Andhra Pradesh

Here is a table summarizing the famous animals, birds, and symbols of the state of Kerala, along with the reasons for their significance:

Category State Symbol Reason
State Animal Indian Elephant (Elephas maximus indicus) Represents the state’s wildlife heritage and cultural significance.
State Bird Great Hornbill (Buceros bicornis) Large, colorful bird species, symbolizing the rich avian diversity of the state.
State Tree Coconut Palm (Cocos nucifera) Economically significant and widely cultivated, representing agricultural importance.
State Flower Kanikonna (Cassia fistula) Golden shower flower, associated with festivals and cultural celebrations in the state.
State Fish Pearl Spot Fish (Etroplus suratensis) Indigenous fish species found in Kerala’s backwaters, representing the state’s aquatic diversity.
State Dance Kathakali Classical dance form depicting stories from Indian epics, symbolizing Kerala’s cultural heritage.
State Language Malayalam Predominant language spoken in Kerala, representing the state’s linguistic identity.

These symbols highlight the natural, cultural, and linguistic diversity of Kerala, embodying the state’s identity and heritage.


#14. Madhya Pradesh – Barasingha (Rucervus duvaucelii)

The enchanting Barasingha, or Swamp Deer, is the state animal of Madhya Pradesh. These deer, known for their distinctive antlers and unique call, are native to the state’s marshy grasslands, representing its rich biodiversity.

Here is a table summarizing complete facts about the state animal of Madhya Pradesh, the Barasingha (Rucervus duvaucelii):

Attribute Details
Scientific Name Rucervus duvaucelii
Common Name Barasingha
Habitat Grasslands, marshes, and wetlands; found in various regions of Madhya Pradesh
Distribution Indigenous to the Indian subcontinent, including certain parts of Madhya Pradesh
Physical Features Medium-sized deer species; light brown coat with white spots, mature males have antlers with up to 12 tines
Color Light brown with white spots
Antlers Present in males; can have up to 12 tines (points)
Social Structure Usually found in small herds, social animals that graze together
Diet Herbivorous, primarily graze on grasses, aquatic plants, and other vegetation
Behavior Primarily diurnal (active during the day), good swimmers, agile and swift runners
Conservation Status Vulnerable (IUCN Red List); facing threats from habitat loss, poaching, and human-wildlife conflict
Major Threats Habitat loss due to agriculture and human settlements, poaching for antlers and meat, and human-wildlife conflict
Conservation Efforts Protected under wildlife conservation laws; conservation initiatives focus on habitat preservation, anti-poaching efforts, and community-based conservation programs
Cultural Significance Revered in local cultures and often featured in folklore and traditional art

These facts provide a comprehensive overview of the Barasingha, the state animal of Madhya Pradesh.

Table: Famous Animals, Birds, and Symbols of the State of Andhra Pradesh

Here is a table summarizing the famous animals, birds, and symbols of the state of Madhya Pradesh, along with the reasons for their significance:

Category State Symbol Reason
State Animal Barasingha (Rucervus duvaucelii) Represents the state’s unique wildlife and conservation efforts.
State Bird Indian Paradise Flycatcher (Terpsiphone paradisi) Colorful bird species symbolizing the vibrant avian diversity of Madhya Pradesh.
State Tree Banyan Tree (Ficus benghalensis) Symbolizes longevity, spirituality, and cultural importance, commonly found in the state.
State Flower Palash Flower (Butea monosperma) Orange-red flower symbolizing the beauty of nature and the arrival of spring in the state.
State Dance Tansen Classical music and dance festival honoring the famous musician Tansen, representing cultural heritage.
State Language Hindi Predominant language spoken in Madhya Pradesh, representing the state’s linguistic identity.

These symbols reflect the cultural, natural, and linguistic diversity of Madhya Pradesh, embodying the state’s identity and heritage.


#15. Maharashtra – Indian Giant Squirrel (Ratufa indica)

Maharashtra’s state animal, the Indian Giant Squirrel, is visually striking. These vibrantly colored squirrels inhabit the state’s forests, serving as a reminder of the state’s natural splendor.

Here is a table summarizing complete facts about the state animal of Maharashtra, the Indian Giant Squirrel (Ratufa indica):

Attribute Details
Scientific Name Ratufa indica
Common Name Indian Giant Squirrel
Habitat Dense forests, especially in hilly and mountainous regions; found in various parts of Maharashtra
Distribution Indigenous to the Indian subcontinent, including certain regions of Maharashtra
Physical Features Large-sized squirrel species; bushy tail, vibrant fur in shades of red, brown, and black
Color Shades of red, brown, and black fur
Tail Long and bushy tail
Social Structure Usually solitary or found in small family groups
Diet Omnivorous, primarily feeding on fruits, nuts, insects, and bird eggs
Behavior Arboreal and diurnal (active during the day), excellent climbers and leapers
Conservation Status Near Threatened (IUCN Red List); facing threats from habitat loss and fragmentation, hunting, and illegal pet trade
Major Threats Habitat loss due to deforestation, human settlements, and agriculture; hunting for bushmeat and the illegal pet trade
Conservation Efforts Protected under wildlife conservation laws; conservation initiatives focus on habitat preservation, anti-poaching efforts, and public awareness campaigns
Cultural Significance Revered in some local cultures; often featured in folklore and traditional art

These facts provide a comprehensive overview of the Indian Giant Squirrel, the state animal of Maharashtra.

Table: Famous Animals, Birds, and Symbols of the State of Andhra Pradesh

Here is a table summarizing the famous animals, birds, and symbols of the state of Maharashtra, along with the reasons for their significance:

Category State Symbol Reason
State Animal Indian Giant Squirrel (Ratufa indica) Represents the state’s diverse wildlife and ecological significance.
State Bird Yellow-footed Green Pigeon (Treron phoenicopterus) Colorful bird species symbolizing the state’s avian diversity and natural beauty.
State Tree Mango Tree (Mangifera indica) Signifies the state’s agricultural richness, and mango is widely cultivated in Maharashtra.
State Flower Jarul (Nyctanthes arbor-tristis) Fragrant flower symbolizing the cultural heritage and natural beauty of the state.
State Fish Orange Chromide (Etroplus maculatus) Indigenous fish species found in Maharashtra’s coastal waters, representing aquatic diversity.
State Dance Lavani Traditional folk dance showcasing the vibrant cultural traditions and artistic heritage of Maharashtra.
State Language Marathi Predominant language spoken in Maharashtra, representing the state’s linguistic identity.

These symbols reflect the cultural, natural, and linguistic diversity of Maharashtra, embodying the state’s identity and heritage.


List-of-All-Indian-State-Animals-PDF-Download
List-of-All-Indian-State-Animals-PDF-Download

#16. Manipur – Sangai (Rucervus eldii eldii)

Manipur takes pride in the Sangai, also known as the Manipur Brow-antlered Deer. This critically endangered species, endemic to the region, is a symbol of the state’s unique wildlife and the importance of conservation efforts.

Here is a table summarizing complete facts about the state animal of Manipur, the Sangai (Rucervus eldii eldii):

Attribute Details
Scientific Name Rucervus eldii eldii
Common Name Sangai
Habitat Floating marshy grasslands, wetlands, and Phumdis (floating mass of vegetation) in Keibul Lamjao National Park, Manipur
Distribution Endemic to the Keibul Lamjao National Park in Manipur, India
Physical Features Medium-sized deer species; unique appearance with slender legs, long neck, and distinctive lyre-shaped antlers
Color Brown with white markings on the body, throat, and underparts; the antlers are usually pale in color
Antlers Present in males; lyre-shaped, with typically three tines (points)
Social Structure Typically found in small family groups or solitary individuals
Diet Herbivorous, primarily feeding on grasses, aquatic plants, and other vegetation
Behavior Primarily diurnal (active during the day), good swimmers, and adept at maneuvering through marshy terrain
Conservation Status Endangered (IUCN Red List); facing threats from habitat loss, human-wildlife conflict, and potential disease outbreaks
Major Threats Habitat loss due to human activities, poaching, and potential disturbances to the fragile ecosystem
Conservation Efforts Protected under wildlife conservation laws; conservation initiatives focus on habitat preservation, anti-poaching efforts, and community involvement
Cultural Significance The Sangai is considered a symbol of pride and ecological balance in Manipur, often depicted in local folklore and cultural events

These facts provide a comprehensive overview of the Sangai, the state animal of Manipur.

Table: Famous Animals, Birds, and Symbols of the State of Andhra Pradesh

Here is a table summarizing the famous animals, birds, and symbols of the state of Manipur, along with the reasons for their significance:

Category State Symbol Reason
State Animal Sangai (Rucervus eldii eldii) Endangered deer species, symbolizing the state’s unique wildlife and the need for conservation efforts.
State Bird Nongin (Manipur Bush Quail) Rare bird species found in Manipur, representing the avian diversity and natural beauty of the state.
State Tree Indian Mahogany (Chingthao) Valuable tree species with cultural significance, reflecting the state’s rich biodiversity and traditional uses.
State Flower Shirui Lily (Lilium mackliniae) Rare and endemic flower species, symbolizing the state’s unique flora and the need for conservation efforts.
State Dance Manipuri Dance Classical dance form representing the cultural heritage and artistic traditions of Manipur, recognized worldwide.
State Language Manipuri (Meiteilon) Predominant language spoken in Manipur, representing the state’s linguistic identity and cultural heritage.

These symbols represent the natural, cultural, and linguistic diversity of Manipur, embodying the state’s identity and heritage.


#17. Meghalaya – Clouded Leopard (Neofelis nebulosa)

Meghalaya’s state animal, the Clouded Leopard, is a mysterious and elusive big cat species. Its presence in the state’s dense forests underscores the need for habitat preservation and conservation initiatives.

Here is a table summarizing complete facts about the state animal of Meghalaya, the Clouded Leopard (Neofelis nebulosa):

Attribute Details
Scientific Name Neofelis nebulosa
Common Name Clouded Leopard
Habitat Dense tropical and subtropical rainforests, including regions of Meghalaya
Distribution Indigenous to the Himalayas, Southeast Asia, and parts of China; found in certain areas of Meghalaya
Physical Features Medium-sized wild cat; distinctive cloud-like patterns on its fur, with shades of gray and black
Color Pale yellow to ochreous with dark gray or black patches, forming cloud-like patterns on the body
Spots/Rosettes Elongated spots or rosettes on its body, sometimes forming a continuous line along the sides
Tail Long tail with cloud-like patterns and black rings
Social Structure Solitary and elusive, rarely seen in groups
Diet Carnivorous, primarily feeding on small mammals, birds, and occasionally, larger prey like deer
Behavior Nocturnal (active during the night), agile climbers, known for their excellent hunting and stalking skills
Conservation Status Vulnerable (IUCN Red List); facing threats from habitat loss, poaching, and human-wildlife conflict
Major Threats Habitat destruction due to deforestation, poaching for skin and bones, and retaliatory killings by farmers
Conservation Efforts Protected under wildlife conservation laws; conservation initiatives focus on habitat preservation, anti-poaching efforts, and community-based conservation programs
Cultural Significance Revered in some local cultures, often depicted in folklore and traditional art forms in Meghalaya

These facts provide a comprehensive overview of the Clouded Leopard, the state animal of Meghalaya.

Table: Famous Animals, Birds, and Symbols of the State of Andhra Pradesh

Here is a table summarizing the famous animals, birds, and symbols of the state of Meghalaya, along with the reasons for their significance:

Category State Symbol Reason
State Animal Clouded Leopard (Neofelis nebulosa) Represents the state’s unique biodiversity and the importance of wildlife conservation.
State Bird Hill Myna (Gracula religiosa) Colorful and vocal bird species, symbolizing the rich avian diversity of Meghalaya.
State Tree Pine Tree (Pinus kesiya) Represents the state’s vast forest cover and the economic importance of timber in Meghalaya.
State Flower Lady’s Slipper Orchid (Paphiopedilum insigne) Rare and exotic orchid species, symbolizing the state’s diverse flora and the need for conservation efforts.
State Dance Wangala Dance Harvest dance of the Garo tribe, celebrating agricultural abundance and the cultural heritage of Meghalaya.
State Language Khasi, Garo, and English Predominant languages spoken in Meghalaya, representing the state’s linguistic and cultural diversity.

These symbols reflect the rich natural, cultural, and linguistic diversity of Meghalaya, embodying the state’s identity and heritage.


#18. Mizoram – Serow (Capricornis milneedwardsii)

The Serow, a sturdy and agile mountain goat-antelope, represents the state of Mizoram. These sure-footed creatures navigate the steep slopes of the region, embodying the resilience of Mizoram’s wildlife.

Here is a table summarizing complete facts about the state animal of Mizoram, the Serow (Capricornis milneedwardsii):

Attribute Details
Scientific Name Capricornis milneedwardsii
Common Name Serow
Habitat Dense forests, steep rocky slopes, and hilly terrains; found in various regions of Mizoram
Distribution Indigenous to Southeast Asia, including parts of Mizoram
Physical Features Medium-sized goat-antelope species; dark brown or black coat with a lighter underside; coarse fur
Color Dark brown or black with a lighter underside
Horns Present in both males and females; short, cylindrical, and slightly curved horns
Social Structure Usually found in small groups, sometimes solitary
Diet Herbivorous, primarily feeding on leaves, shoots, and grasses
Behavior Usually diurnal (active during the day), excellent climbers and agile runners
Conservation Status Near Threatened (IUCN Red List); facing threats from habitat loss, poaching, and human-wildlife conflict
Major Threats Habitat destruction due to deforestation, illegal hunting, and potential competition with domestic livestock
Conservation Efforts Protected under wildlife conservation laws; conservation initiatives focus on habitat preservation, anti-poaching efforts, and community-based conservation programs
Cultural Significance Revered in some local cultures, often depicted in folklore and traditional art forms

These facts provide a comprehensive overview of the Serow, the state animal of Mizoram.

Table: Famous Animals, Birds, and Symbols of the State of Andhra Pradesh

Here is a table summarizing the famous animals, birds, and symbols of the state of Mizoram, along with the reasons for their significance:

Category State Symbol Reason
State Animal Red Serow (Capricornis rubidus) Represents the state’s unique wildlife and biodiversity. Serow is an endangered goat-antelope species.
State Bird Hume’s Pheasant (Syrmaticus humiae) Rare and colorful bird species, symbolizing the avian diversity of Mizoram and its natural beauty.
State Tree Ironwood Tree (Mesua ferrea) Valuable timber tree, symbolizing the state’s rich forest resources and cultural significance in Mizoram.
State Flower Red Vanda (Renanthera imschootiana) Rare and vibrant orchid species, representing the state’s diverse floral wealth and natural beauty.
State Dance Cheraw Dance Traditional bamboo dance reflecting the cultural heritage of the Mizo people, often performed during festivals.
State Language Mizo (Lushai) Predominant language spoken in Mizoram, representing the state’s linguistic identity and cultural heritage.

These symbols reflect the natural, cultural, and linguistic diversity of Mizoram, embodying the state’s identity and heritage.


List-of-All-Indian-State-Animals-PDF-Download
List-of-All-Indian-State-Animals-PDF-Download

#19. Nagaland – Mithun (Bos frontalis)

Nagaland, known for its rich biodiversity, celebrates the Mithun as its state animal. This semi-domesticated bovine species is culturally significant and symbolizes the state’s deep connection with nature.

Here is a table summarizing complete facts about the state animal of Nagaland, the Mithun (Bos frontalis):

Attribute Details
Scientific Name Bos frontalis
Common Name Mithun
Habitat Forested areas, hilly terrains, and grasslands; found in various regions of Nagaland
Distribution Indigenous to Southeast Asia, including parts of Nagaland
Physical Features Large-sized domesticated cattle species; dark brown to black coat with white markings
Color Dark brown to black with white markings
Horns Present in both males and females; curved, relatively short horns
Social Structure Domesticated and usually kept in herds; social animals that graze together
Diet Herbivorous, primarily feeding on grasses, leaves, and agricultural crops
Behavior Domesticated, docile, and used for agricultural work and meat production
Conservation Status Domesticated species, not evaluated on the IUCN Red List
Major Uses Culturally significant in Nagaland; used for agricultural purposes, religious ceremonies, and traditional events
Cultural Significance Revered in Naga culture; symbolizes prosperity and social status, often featured in traditional art and folklore

These facts provide a comprehensive overview of the Mithun, the state animal of Nagaland.

Table: Famous Animals, Birds, and Symbols of the State of Andhra Pradesh

Here is a table summarizing the famous animals, birds, and symbols of the state of Nagaland, along with the reasons for their significance:

Category State Symbol Reason
State Animal Mithun (Bos frontalis) Represents the state’s rich biodiversity and cultural significance. Mithun is an indigenous cattle species.
State Bird Blyth’s Tragopan (Tragopan blythii) Colorful and rare bird species, symbolizing the avian diversity of Nagaland and its natural beauty.
State Tree Alder Tree (Alnus nepalensis) Native tree species, reflecting the state’s forest wealth and its importance in local ecosystems.
State Flower Indian Laburnum (Cassia fistula) Golden-yellow flowering plant, representing the state’s flora and adding to the natural beauty of Nagaland.
State Dance Chang Lo (War Dance) Traditional dance of the Chang tribe, symbolizing the valor and martial spirit of Nagaland’s indigenous people.
State Language English Predominant language used in Nagaland, representing the state’s linguistic diversity and official communication.

These symbols reflect the natural, cultural, and linguistic diversity of Nagaland, embodying the state’s identity and heritage.


#20. Odisha – Sambar Deer (Rusa unicolor)

The Sambar Deer, with its distinctive antlers and graceful demeanor, is the state animal of Odisha. These large herbivores are an integral part of the state’s forests, reflecting Odisha’s commitment to preserving its natural heritage.

Here is a table summarizing complete facts about the state animal of Odisha, the Sambar Deer (Rusa unicolor):

Attribute Details
Scientific Name Rusa unicolor
Common Name Sambar Deer
Habitat Forests, grasslands, and shrublands; found in various regions of Odisha
Distribution Indigenous to the Indian subcontinent, including parts of Odisha
Physical Features Large-sized deer species; dark brown to chestnut coat with white spots; males have prominent antlers
Color Dark brown to chestnut with white spots
Antlers Present in males; typically have three tines (points)
Social Structure Typically solitary, but can be found in small groups
Diet Herbivorous, primarily feeding on grasses, leaves, and shrubs
Behavior Primarily nocturnal (active during the night), excellent swimmers, and agile runners
Conservation Status Least Concern (IUCN Red List); relatively stable population in most regions
Major Threats Habitat loss due to deforestation and human activities
Conservation Efforts Protected under wildlife conservation laws; conservation initiatives focus on habitat preservation and anti-poaching efforts
Cultural Significance Revered in some local cultures; often featured in folklore and traditional art forms

These facts provide a comprehensive overview of the Sambar Deer, the state animal of Odisha.

Table: Famous Animals, Birds, and Symbols of the State of Andhra Pradesh

Here is a table summarizing the famous animals, birds, and symbols of the state of Odisha, along with the reasons for their significance:

Category State Symbol Reason
State Animal Sambar Deer (Rusa unicolor) Represents the state’s rich wildlife and biodiversity. Sambar Deer is a common and important herbivore.
State Bird Indian Roller (Coracias benghalensis) Vibrant bird species symbolizing the diverse avian life and natural beauty of Odisha.
State Tree Ashoka Tree (Saraca indica) Sacred tree in Hinduism, representing peace, harmony, and cultural significance in Odisha.
State Flower Ashoka Flower (Saraca asoca) Symbolizes love and compassion, often associated with festivals and cultural celebrations in the state.
State Dance Odissi Dance Classical dance form originating from Odisha, showcasing the state’s rich cultural heritage and traditions.
State Language Odia Predominant language spoken in Odisha, representing the state’s linguistic identity and cultural heritage.

These symbols reflect the cultural, natural, and linguistic diversity of Odisha, embodying the state’s identity and heritage.


#21. Punjab – Blackbuck (Antilope cervicapra)

Punjab shares the Blackbuck as its state animal with Andhra Pradesh and Haryana. These elegant antelopes roam the grasslands of the state, symbolizing the beauty of Punjab’s wildlife.

Here is a table summarizing complete facts about the state animal of Punjab, the Blackbuck (Antilope cervicapra):

Attribute Details
Scientific Name Antilope cervicapra
Common Name Blackbuck
Habitat Grasslands, plains, scrublands, and agricultural fields; found in various regions of Punjab
Distribution Indigenous to the Indian subcontinent, including parts of Punjab
Physical Features Medium-sized antelope with a distinct black and white coat
Color Males: Dark brown to black with white markings, Females: Light brown with no horns
Horns Present in males, spiral with 3 to 4 turns, can grow up to 70-80 cm in length
Social Structure Usually found in small herds, sometimes solitary males
Diet Herbivorous, primarily graze on grasses and plants
Behavior Diurnal (active during the day), fast runners, known for leaping and bounding
Conservation Status Near Threatened (IUCN Red List)
Cultural Significance Revered in Indian culture, often depicted in mythology and ancient texts
Protection Measures Protected under the Wildlife Protection Act of India
Predators Mainly threatened by large carnivores like wolves and humans (for hunting)

These facts provide a comprehensive overview of the Blackbuck, the state animal of Punjab.

Table: Famous Animals, Birds, and Symbols of the State of Andhra Pradesh

Here is a table summarizing the famous animals, birds, and symbols of the state of Punjab, along with the reasons for their significance:

Category State Symbol Reason
State Animal Blackbuck (Antilope cervicapra) Represents the state’s diverse wildlife heritage and natural beauty.
State Bird Northern Goshawk (Accipiter gentilis) Powerful bird of prey, symbolizing the state’s strength, courage, and resilience.
State Tree Shisham Tree (Dalbergia sissoo) Indigenous tree species, significant for its timber and environmental benefits in Punjab.
State Flower Gladiolus (Gladiolus spp.) Vibrant and colorful flower, symbolizing the state’s agricultural prosperity and natural beauty.
State Dance Bhangra Energetic and lively folk dance, reflecting the cultural heritage and agricultural traditions of Punjab.
State Language Punjabi Predominant language spoken in Punjab, representing the state’s linguistic identity and cultural heritage.

These symbols reflect the cultural, natural, and linguistic diversity of Punjab, embodying the state’s identity and heritage.


List-of-All-Indian-State-Animals-PDF-Download
List-of-All-Indian-State-Animals-PDF-Download

#22. Rajasthan – Camel (Camelus dromedarius)

Rajasthan, known for its arid landscapes, has chosen the Camel as its state animal. These hardy creatures have been an essential part of the state’s desert culture and economy for centuries.

Here is a table summarizing complete facts about the state animal of Rajasthan, the Camel (Camelus dromedarius):

Attribute Details
Scientific Name Camelus dromedarius
Common Name Camel
Habitat Arid and semi-arid regions, including deserts and sandy plains; found in various parts of Rajasthan
Distribution Indigenous to the Middle East and South Asia, including Rajasthan state in India
Physical Features Large-sized mammal with a distinctive single hump, long legs, and a broad, tough-skinned body
Color Varies from light brown to dark brown; the coat helps in reflecting sunlight and regulating body temperature
Hump One prominent hump on the back, used for storing fat which can be utilized for energy
Social Structure Domesticated animals often found in herds; social animals that provide various resources to humans
Diet Herbivorous, primarily feeding on grasses, grains, and occasionally, dry leaves and plants
Behavior Well adapted to hot and arid climates, excellent endurance, can survive long periods without water
Use in Rajasthan Vital role in Rajasthan’s economy and culture; used for transportation, agriculture, and as a source of wool, milk, and meat
Conservation Status Not evaluated on the IUCN Red List; domesticated species with stable populations
Cultural Significance Integral part of Rajasthan’s desert culture; often featured in traditional art, folklore, and festivals

These facts provide a comprehensive overview of the Camel, the state animal of Rajasthan.

Table: Famous Animals, Birds, and Symbols of the State of Andhra Pradesh

Here is a table summarizing the famous animals, birds, and symbols of the state of Rajasthan, along with the reasons for their significance:

Category State Symbol Reason
State Animal Chinkara (Gazella bennettii) Represents the state’s diverse wildlife and natural beauty.
State Bird Indian Bustard (Ardeotis nigriceps) Majestic bird species symbolizing the state’s avian diversity and unique desert habitat.
State Tree Khejri Tree (Prosopis cineraria) Drought-resistant tree, significant for its ecological importance in the arid regions of Rajasthan.
State Flower Rohida (Tecomella undulata) Hardy and drought-resistant flowering tree, symbolizing the state’s resilience in harsh conditions.
State Dance Ghoomar Traditional folk dance of Rajasthan, showcasing the rich cultural heritage and elegance of the state.
State Language Hindi Predominant language spoken in Rajasthan, representing the state’s linguistic identity.

These symbols represent the cultural, natural, and linguistic diversity of Rajasthan, embodying the state’s identity and heritage.


#23. Sikkim – Red Panda (Ailurus fulgens)

The Red Panda, a charming and endangered species, represents the state of Sikkim. These tree-dwelling mammals highlight the state’s unique biodiversity and the importance of conserving its delicate ecosystems.

Here is a table summarizing complete facts about the state animal of Sikkim, the Red Panda (Ailurus fulgens):

Attribute Details
Scientific Name Ailurus fulgens
Common Name Red Panda
Habitat Temperate forests, including the Eastern Himalayas; found in various regions of Sikkim
Distribution Indigenous to the Eastern Himalayas, including parts of Sikkim in India
Physical Features Medium-sized mammal with a distinctive reddish-brown fur coat, white face markings, and bushy tail
Color Reddish-brown fur with white face, ears, and underparts; tail with red rings
Diet Primarily herbivorous, feeding on bamboo shoots, leaves, berries, fruits, acorns, and occasional insects
Behavior Nocturnal (active during the night), excellent climbers, solitary animals with a secretive nature
Adaptations Specialized wrist bone for gripping bamboo; thick fur for insulation in cold climates
Conservation Status Endangered (IUCN Red List); facing threats from habitat loss, poaching, and human-wildlife conflict
Major Threats Habitat fragmentation due to deforestation, climate change, poaching for fur, and accidental traps
Conservation Efforts Protected under wildlife conservation laws; conservation initiatives focus on habitat preservation, anti-poaching efforts, and community-based conservation programs
Cultural Significance Revered in local culture; often featured in traditional art, folklore, and festivals in Sikkim

These facts provide a comprehensive overview of the Red Panda, the state animal of Sikkim.

Table: Famous Animals, Birds, and Symbols of the State of Andhra Pradesh

Here is a table summarizing the famous animals, birds, and symbols of the state of Sikkim, along with the reasons for their significance:

Category State Symbol Reason
State Animal Red Panda (Ailurus fulgens) Endangered and iconic species, symbolizing the state’s biodiversity and commitment to conservation.
State Bird Blood Pheasant (Ithaginis cruentus) Colorful and rare bird species, symbolizing the avian diversity of Sikkim and its natural beauty.
State Tree Rhododendron (Rhododendron niveum) Blooming flower species, representing the state’s floral wealth and the vibrant ecosystem of Sikkim.
State Flower Noble Dendrobium (Dendrobium nobile) Rare and exquisite orchid species, symbolizing the state’s unique orchid diversity and natural beauty.
State Dance Sikkim Rimpochee Folk Dance Traditional dance celebrating the state’s cultural heritage, reflecting the essence of Sikkim’s traditions.
State Language Nepali Predominant language spoken in Sikkim, representing the state’s linguistic identity and cultural heritage.

These symbols embody the rich natural, cultural, and linguistic diversity of Sikkim, reflecting the state’s unique identity and heritage.


#24. Tamil Nadu – Nilgiri Tahr (Nilgiritragus hylocrius)

The Nilgiri Tahr, a robust mountain goat species, is the state animal of Tamil Nadu. Endemic to the Western Ghats, these sure-footed animals are a symbol of the state’s pristine hill stations and lush landscapes.

Here is a table summarizing complete facts about the state animal of Tamil Nadu, the Nilgiri Tahr (Nilgiritragus hylocrius):

Attribute Details
Scientific Name Nilgiritragus hylocrius
Common Name Nilgiri Tahr
Habitat Grasslands and shrublands in the Western Ghats, including the Nilgiri Hills; found in Tamil Nadu
Distribution Indigenous to the Western Ghats in South India, including certain parts of Tamil Nadu
Physical Features Medium-sized ungulate with a stocky build, curved horns, and a dark brown coat; both males and females have horns
Color Dark brown with a lighter underbelly
Horns Present in both males and females; curved and can grow up to 40 cm in length
Social Structure Typically found in small herds, segregated by gender; social animals that graze together
Diet Herbivorous, primarily feeding on grasses, shrubs, and other vegetation
Behavior Diurnal (active during the day), agile climbers, adapted to rocky terrains
Conservation Status Endangered (IUCN Red List); facing threats from habitat loss, poaching, and human-wildlife conflict
Major Threats Habitat destruction due to agriculture, tourism, and infrastructure development; poaching for meat and trophy horns
Conservation Efforts Protected under wildlife conservation laws; conservation initiatives focus on habitat preservation, anti-poaching efforts, and community-based conservation programs
Cultural Significance Revered in local culture; often featured in folklore and traditional art forms in Tamil Nadu

These facts provide a comprehensive overview of the Nilgiri Tahr, the state animal of Tamil Nadu.

Table: Famous Animals, Birds, and Symbols of the State of Andhra Pradesh

Here is a table summarizing the famous animals, birds, and symbols of the state of Tamil Nadu, along with the reasons for their significance:

Category State Symbol Reason
State Animal Nilgiri Tahr (Nilgiritragus hylocrius) Endangered mountain goat species, native to the Western Ghats, symbolizing the state’s biodiversity.
State Bird Emerald Dove (Chalcophaps indica) Colorful bird species symbolizing the avian diversity and natural beauty of Tamil Nadu.
State Tree Palm Tree (Borassus flabellifer) Represents the state’s agricultural heritage and the significance of palm products in Tamil Nadu.
State Flower Gloriosa Lily (Gloriosa superba) Exotic and vibrant flower species, symbolizing the state’s cultural richness and unique floral diversity.
State Dance Bharatanatyam Classical dance form originating from Tamil Nadu, representing the state’s rich cultural heritage.
State Language Tamil Predominant language spoken in Tamil Nadu, representing the state’s linguistic identity and heritage.

These symbols reflect the cultural, natural, and linguistic diversity of Tamil Nadu, embodying the state’s identity and heritage.


List-of-All-Indian-State-Animals-PDF-Download
List-of-All-Indian-State-Animals-PDF-Download

#25. Telangana – Spotted Deer (Axis axis)

Telangana’s state animal, the Spotted Deer, is known for its distinct coat pattern and graceful movements. These deer inhabit the state’s forests, adding to its natural beauty and biodiversity.

Here is a table summarizing complete facts about the state animal of Telangana, the Spotted Deer (Axis axis):

Attribute Details
Scientific Name Axis axis
Common Name Spotted Deer
Habitat Woodlands, grasslands, and open forests; found in various regions of Telangana
Distribution Indigenous to the Indian subcontinent, including parts of Telangana
Physical Features Medium-sized deer species with a reddish-brown coat covered in white spots; males have antlers
Color Reddish-brown with white spots on the body
Antlers Present in males; branched antlers with multiple points
Social Structure Typically found in herds, segregated by gender; social animals that graze together
Diet Herbivorous, primarily feeding on grasses, leaves, fruits, and other vegetation
Behavior Diurnal (active during the day), agile runners, good swimmers
Conservation Status Least Concern (IUCN Red List); stable populations in most regions
Major Threats Habitat loss due to deforestation and human activities; predation by large carnivores and hunting
Conservation Efforts Protected under wildlife conservation laws; conservation initiatives focus on habitat preservation and anti-poaching efforts
Cultural Significance Revered in some local cultures; often depicted in folklore and traditional art forms in Telangana

These facts provide a comprehensive overview of the Spotted Deer, the state animal of Telangana.

Table: Famous Animals, Birds, and Symbols of the State of Andhra Pradesh

Here is a table summarizing the famous animals, birds, and symbols of the state of Telangana, along with the reasons for their significance:

Category State Symbol Reason
State Animal Spotted Deer (Axis axis) Represents the state’s rich wildlife and natural beauty.
State Bird Indian Roller (Coracias benghalensis) Colorful bird species symbolizing the diverse avian life and natural beauty of Telangana.
State Tree Jammi Chettu (Prosopis cineraria) Native tree species with cultural significance and ecological importance, commonly found in Telangana.
State Flower Tangedu Flower (Tecoma grandiflora) Blooming flower used in Bathukamma festival, symbolizing the state’s cultural and floral diversity.
State Dance Perini Shivatandavam Traditional dance form representing the cultural heritage and martial arts tradition of Telangana.
State Language Telugu Predominant language spoken in Telangana, representing the state’s linguistic identity.

These symbols reflect the cultural, natural, and linguistic diversity of Telangana, embodying the state’s identity and heritage.


#26. Tripura – Phayre’s Langur (Trachypithecus phayrei)

The Phayre’s Langur, a rare and endangered primate species, is the state animal of Tripura. These leaf-eating monkeys are found in the state’s dense forests, underscoring the need for their protection and habitat conservation.

Here is a table summarizing complete facts about the state animal of Tripura, Phayre’s Langur (Trachypithecus phayrei):

Attribute Details
Scientific Name Trachypithecus phayrei
Common Name Phayre’s Langur
Habitat Tropical and subtropical forests, hilly and mountainous regions; found in various parts of Tripura
Distribution Indigenous to Southeast Asia, including parts of northeastern India, such as Tripura
Physical Features Medium-sized primate with a slender body, long tail, and distinctive black fur with white ear tufts
Color Black fur with white ear tufts and a white lower midline on the abdomen and inner sides of limbs
Tail Long and bushy tail, usually longer than the body; used for balance and communication
Social Structure Typically found in groups, can vary from small family units to larger communities
Diet Primarily herbivorous, feeding on leaves, fruits, flowers, and occasionally, insects and small animals
Behavior Diurnal (active during the day), arboreal and agile climbers, known for their jumping and swinging abilities
Conservation Status Near Threatened (IUCN Red List); facing threats from habitat loss, hunting, and human-wildlife conflict
Major Threats Habitat destruction due to deforestation, poaching for meat and illegal pet trade, and human disturbances
Conservation Efforts Protected under wildlife conservation laws; conservation initiatives focus on habitat preservation, anti-poaching efforts, and public awareness campaigns
Cultural Significance Revered in some local cultures; often depicted in folklore and traditional art forms in Tripura

These facts provide a comprehensive overview of Phayre’s Langur, the state animal of Tripura.

Table: Famous Animals, Birds, and Symbols of the State of Andhra Pradesh

Here is a table summarizing the famous animals, birds, and symbols of the state of Tripura, along with the reasons for their significance:

Category State Symbol Reason
State Animal Phayre’s Langur (Trachypithecus phayrei) Represents the state’s unique wildlife and biodiversity. Phayre’s Langur is an endangered species.
State Bird Green Imperial Pigeon (Ducula aenea) Colorful bird species symbolizing the avian diversity and natural beauty of Tripura.
State Tree Agar (Aquilaria agallocha) Fragrant tree species, significant for its aromatic wood and cultural importance in Tripura.
State Flower Mesua (Mesua ferrea) Ornamental flowering tree, symbolizing the state’s natural beauty and floral diversity.
State Dance Hojagiri Traditional dance performed by the Reang community, reflecting the cultural heritage of Tripura.
State Language Kokborok Predominant language spoken by the indigenous communities in Tripura, representing the state’s linguistic identity.

These symbols represent the natural, cultural, and linguistic diversity of Tripura, embodying the state’s identity and heritage.


#27. Uttar Pradesh – Swamp Deer (Rucervus duvaucelii)

Uttar Pradesh, one of India’s most populous states, has chosen the Swamp Deer as its state animal. These herbivores, with their distinctive antlers, thrive in the state’s wetlands, emphasizing the importance of preserving natural habitats.

Here is a table summarizing complete facts about the state animal of Uttar Pradesh, the Swamp Deer (Rucervus duvaucelii):

Attribute Details
Scientific Name Rucervus duvaucelii
Common Name Swamp Deer, Barasingha
Habitat Alluvial grasslands, swamps, and wetlands; found in various regions of Uttar Pradesh
Distribution Indigenous to the Indian subcontinent, including certain parts of Uttar Pradesh
Physical Features Medium to large-sized deer species; distinctive light brown coat with white spots, mature males have antlers
Color Light brown with white spots
Antlers Present in males; typically have up to 12 tines (points)
Social Structure Usually found in small herds, social animals that graze together
Diet Herbivorous, primarily feeding on grasses, aquatic plants, and other vegetation
Behavior Primarily diurnal (active during the day), good swimmers, agile and swift runners
Conservation Status Vulnerable (IUCN Red List); facing threats from habitat loss, poaching, and human-wildlife conflict
Major Threats Habitat loss due to agriculture, human settlements, and industrial activities; poaching for antlers and meat, and human-wildlife conflict
Conservation Efforts Protected under wildlife conservation laws; conservation initiatives focus on habitat preservation, anti-poaching efforts, and community-based conservation programs
Cultural Significance Revered in some local cultures; often featured in folklore and traditional art forms

These facts provide a comprehensive overview of the Swamp Deer, the state animal of Uttar Pradesh.

Table: Famous Animals, Birds, and Symbols of the State of Andhra Pradesh

Here is a table summarizing the famous animals, birds, and symbols of the state of Uttar Pradesh, along with the reasons for their significance:

Category State Symbol Reason
State Animal Swamp Deer (Rucervus duvaucelii) Represents the state’s rich wildlife and natural beauty. Swamp Deer is a vulnerable and iconic species.
State Bird Sarus Crane (Grus antigone) Tallest flying bird, symbolizing grace, longevity, and the cultural and ecological heritage of Uttar Pradesh.
State Tree Ashoka Tree (Saraca indica) Sacred tree in Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism, representing peace, harmony, and the cultural heritage of UP.
State Flower Palash Flower (Butea monosperma) Bright orange-red flower, symbolizing energy, vigor, and the natural beauty of the state’s diverse landscapes.
State Dance Kathak Classical dance form originating from Uttar Pradesh, representing the state’s rich cultural heritage.
State Language Hindi Predominant language spoken in Uttar Pradesh, representing the state’s linguistic identity and cultural heritage.

These symbols reflect the cultural, natural, and linguistic diversity of Uttar Pradesh, embodying the state’s identity and heritage.


List-of-All-Indian-State-Animals-PDF-Download
List-of-All-Indian-State-Animals-PDF-Download

#28. Uttarakhand – Musk Deer (Moschus chrysogaster)

Uttarakhand’s state animal, the Musk Deer, is known for its musk-producing gland, valued in perfumery. These elusive creatures inhabit the state’s alpine and subalpine regions, symbolizing the state’s unique wildlife.

Here is a table summarizing complete facts about the state animal of Uttarakhand, the Musk Deer (Moschus chrysogaster):

Attribute Details
Scientific Name Moschus chrysogaster
Common Name Musk Deer
Habitat Alpine shrublands, coniferous forests, and rocky slopes; found in various regions of Uttarakhand
Distribution Indigenous to the Himalayas and certain parts of Central Asia, including Uttarakhand state in India
Physical Features Small to medium-sized deer species; brownish-gray fur, males have elongated upper canine teeth called tusks or “sabers”
Color Brownish-gray fur
Tusks Present in males; long, sharp, and curved upper canine teeth; used for self-defense and mating battles
Social Structure Usually solitary, elusive, and primarily nocturnal (active during the night)
Diet Herbivorous, primarily feeding on leaves, twigs, and grasses
Behavior Secretive and shy; excellent climbers, adapted to steep and rocky terrains
Conservation Status Vulnerable (IUCN Red List); facing threats from habitat loss, poaching for musk, and human-wildlife conflict
Major Threats Illegal poaching for musk, habitat destruction due to deforestation and infrastructure development
Conservation Efforts Protected under wildlife conservation laws; conservation initiatives focus on anti-poaching efforts, habitat preservation, and public awareness campaigns
Cultural Significance Revered in some local cultures; musk extracted from the gland of male Musk Deer has been historically used in traditional medicine and perfumes

These facts provide a comprehensive overview of the Musk Deer, the state animal of Uttarakhand.

Table: Famous Animals, Birds, and Symbols of the State of Andhra Pradesh

Here is a table summarizing the famous animals, birds, and symbols of the state of Uttarakhand, along with the reasons for their significance:

Category State Symbol Reason
State Animal Alpine Musk Deer (Moschus chrysogaster) Represents the state’s diverse wildlife and natural beauty. Musk Deer is a rare and elusive species found in the region.
State Bird Himalayan Monal (Lophophorus impejanus) Colorful bird species symbolizing the vibrant avian diversity and the natural beauty of Uttarakhand.
State Tree Burans (Rhododendron arboreum) Blooming tree species, known for its vibrant red flowers, symbolizing the state’s floral wealth and scenic beauty.
State Flower Brahma Kamal (Saussurea obvallata) Rare and exquisite flower, considered sacred and symbolizing purity, spirituality, and the natural richness of Uttarakhand.
State Fish Golden Mahseer (Tor putitora) Indigenous fish species, representing the aquatic biodiversity and importance of rivers in Uttarakhand.
State Dance Langvir Nritya Traditional folk dance representing the valor and bravery of the people of Uttarakhand, especially in the Jaunsar region.
State Language Hindi Predominant language spoken in Uttarakhand, representing the state’s linguistic identity and cultural heritage.

These symbols reflect the cultural, natural, and linguistic diversity of Uttarakhand, embodying the state’s identity and heritage.


#29. West Bengal – Fishing Cat (Prionailurus viverrinus)

The Fishing Cat, a skilled hunter adapted to wetland habitats, represents the state of West Bengal. These cats are a testament to the state’s diverse ecosystems and the importance of preserving its water bodies.

Here is a table summarizing complete facts about the state animal of West Bengal, the Fishing Cat (Prionailurus viverrinus):

Attribute Details
Scientific Name Prionailurus viverrinus
Common Name Fishing Cat
Habitat Wetlands, swamps, mangrove forests, and reed beds; found in various regions of West Bengal
Distribution Indigenous to South and Southeast Asia, including certain parts of West Bengal
Physical Features Medium-sized wild cat with a robust build, short legs, and a distinct coat pattern; excellent swimmer
Color Grayish-brown coat with dark spots and stripes; distinctive white markings around the eyes and on the back of the ears
Size Length: 57-78 cm; Height: 35-40 cm; Tail length: 20-30 cm
Diet Carnivorous, primarily feeding on fish, crustaceans, frogs, and other aquatic prey
Behavior Nocturnal (active during the night), proficient swimmer and hunter, known for its fishing abilities
Adaptations Partially webbed feet and a water-resistant fur coat help it hunt and swim effectively in aquatic habitats
Conservation Status Vulnerable (IUCN Red List); facing threats from habitat loss, pollution, and human-wildlife conflict
Major Threats Habitat destruction due to urbanization and agriculture, pollution of water bodies, and trapping for fur
Conservation Efforts Protected under wildlife conservation laws; conservation initiatives focus on habitat preservation, anti-poaching efforts, and community-based conservation programs
Cultural Significance Revered in some local cultures; often depicted in folklore and traditional art forms in West Bengal

These facts provide a comprehensive overview of the Fishing Cat, the state animal of West Bengal.

Table: Famous Animals, Birds, and Symbols of the State of Andhra Pradesh

Here is a table summarizing the famous animals, birds, and symbols of the state of West Bengal, along with the reasons for their significance:

Category State Symbol Reason
State Animal Fishing Cat (Prionailurus viverrinus) Represents the state’s rich biodiversity and the significance of wetlands and water bodies in West Bengal.
State Bird White-Throated Kingfisher (Halcyon smyrnensis) Colorful bird species symbolizing the diverse avian life and natural beauty of West Bengal.
State Tree Chatim (Alstonia scholaris) Indigenous tree species with cultural and medicinal significance, representing the state’s natural heritage.
State Flower Night-Flowering Jasmine (Nyctanthes arbor-tristis) Fragrant flower symbolizing the essence of Bengali culture and its artistic traditions.
State Dance Kathakali Classical dance form originating from West Bengal, representing the state’s rich cultural heritage.
State Language Bengali (Bangla) Predominant language spoken in West Bengal, representing the state’s linguistic identity and cultural heritage.

These symbols represent the cultural, natural, and linguistic diversity of West Bengal, embodying the state’s identity and heritage.


Conclusion:

  • The designation of state animals in India serves as a testament to the country’s rich biodiversity and cultural heritage. Each state’s choice reflects not only the unique wildlife found within its borders but also the commitment to conserving these precious species. As we celebrate the diverse fauna of India, including the recent addition of Jammu and Kashmir’s Hangul, it is crucial to emphasize the importance of conservation efforts to protect these remarkable creatures and preserve the natural legacy of the nation for generations to come.
  • India’s diverse array of state animals not only adds to the country’s cultural identity but also emphasizes the need for conservation efforts to preserve these magnificent creatures for future generations. Each animal, with its unique characteristics, tells a story of the region it represents, making them an integral part of India’s natural and cultural heritage.

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